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PURPOSE Accurate target definition is vitally important for definitive treatment of cervix cancer with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), yet a definition of clinical target volume (CTV) remains variable within the literature. The aim of this study was to develop a consensus CTV definition in preparation for a Phase 2 clinical trial being planned by(More)
PURPOSE To measure regression of cancer of the uterine cervix during external beam radiotherapy using magnetic resonance imaging, derive radiobiologic parameters from a mathematical model of tumor regression, and compare these parameters with the pretreatment measurements of tumor hypoxia. METHODS AND MATERIALS A total of 27 eligible patients undergoing(More)
PURPOSE Whole pelvic intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is increasingly being used to treat cervix cancer and other gynecologic tumors. However, tumor and normal organ movement during treatment can substantially detract from the benefits of this approach. This study explored the effect of internal anatomic changes on the dose delivered to the tumor and(More)
PURPOSE The adoption of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) to treat cervical malignancies has been limited in part by complex organ and tumor motion during treatment. This study explores the limits of a highly adaptive, small-margin treatment scenario to accommodate this motion. In addition, the dosimetric consequences of organ and tumor motion are(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether the development of behavioral sensitization to cocaine could be prevented by either D1 or D2 selective dopamine receptor antagonists. Male Wistar rats were treated daily for 7 days with either cocaine (15 mg/kg, IP) or vehicle in combination with the D1 dopamine antagonist SCH 23390 (0.3 mg/kg, SC), the(More)
PURPOSE Substantial organ motion and tumor shrinkage occur during radiotherapy for cervix cancer. IMRT planning studies have shown that the quality of radiation delivery is influenced by these anatomical changes, therefore the adaptation of treatment plans may be warranted. Image guidance with off-line replanning, i.e. hybrid-adaptation, is recognized as(More)
PURPOSE The widespread use of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for cervical cancer has been limited by internal target and normal tissue motion. Such motion increases the risk of underdosing the target, especially as planning margins are reduced in an effort to reduce toxicity. This study explored 2 adaptive strategies to mitigate this risk and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess variability in contouring the gross tumor volume (GTV) and clinical target volume (CTV) of 3 clinical cervix cancer cases by a cohort of international experts in the field in preparation for the development of an online teaching atlas. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twelve international experts participated. Three(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of providing simple instructions for partial sleep deprivation on the necessity for sedation in children and adolescents undergoing electroencephalography (EEG). METHODS Children and adolescents below 18 years undergoing non-urgent routine EEG were studied for the need for sedation during the EEG test. Two consecutive 3-year(More)
INTRODUCTION Image-based brachytherapy for cervical cancer using MRI has been implemented in Australia and New Zealand. The aims of this study were to measure variability in High-risk CTV (HR-CTV) delineation and evaluate dosimetric consequences of this. METHODS Nine radiation oncologists, one radiation therapist and two radiologists contoured HR-CTV on(More)