Karen Laurenson

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Most of the data on oral infection of ticks by louping ill virus have been obtained from experiments in which animals were infected by syringe inoculation with infectious material. Using infected ticks to mimic the natural situation, we have demonstrated that louping ill (LI) virus transmission can occur from infected to uninfected Ixodes ricinus feeding in(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish the prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in a random sample of red foxes from around the UK. Lung fluid from over 500 foxes was examined using an indirect fluorescent antibody test. Reciprocal titres of specific antibodies to T. gondii or N. caninum ranged from < 1:16 to 1:1024. A(More)
Aspects of rabies epidemiology were investigated in the Tsumkwe District, Namibia, during December 1993 and January 1994. A cross-sectional seroepidemiological survey for rabies antibodies was carried out in domestic (n = 70) and wild dogs [Lycaon pictus (n = 6)]. An overall seroprevalence rate of 30% was found in domestic dogs, but it must be borne in mind(More)
Disease is a potential threat to many endangered populations and may originate from sympatric domestic species. This paper describes a cross-sectional serological survey of canine pathogens carried out in domestic (n = 70) and wild dogs (Lycoan pictus) (n = 6), in Tsumkwe District, northeastern Namibia. Evidence of past exposure to canine distemper virus,(More)
Rapid and precise virus detection procedures are an important component of any epizootiological study. An automated one tube reverse transcriptase and nested primer polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) followed by nucleotide sequencing of the cDNA product, was used for the rapid detection and identification of louping ill (LI) virus in field caught Ixodes(More)
The epidemiology of louping-ill in red grouse was studied in northern Britain concentrating on the possible role of other species and mechanisms of disease persistence. This tick borne viral disease caused heavy mortality in red grouse, particularly chicks. Louping-ill induced mortality reduced the strength of the density dependence that generates the(More)
Human, domestic animal, and wildlife medicine are usually viewed as separate disciplines; however, this distinction is largely irrelevant in the field of epidemiology, because many pathogens are generalists, infecting multiple host species. The majority of human pathogens (62%) also infect animal hosts (Taylor et al. 2001) and nearly half (44%) are also(More)
As a species becomes more rare and thus more endangered, its remaining individuals are likely to become confined to a few small and fragmented populations. Such small populations are vulnerable to epidemics of disease and, virtually by definition, small populations are unable to support in the long term species-specific pathogens that are a major threat to(More)
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