Karen Lai Wing Sun

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Netrins are secreted proteins that were first identified as guidance cues, directing cell and axon migration during neural development. Subsequent findings have demonstrated that netrins can influence the formation of multiple tissues, including the vasculature, lung, pancreas, muscle and mammary gland, by mediating cell migration, cell-cell interactions(More)
During development, axons are directed to their targets by extracellular guidance cues. The axonal response to the guidance cue netrin-1 is profoundly influenced by the concentration of cAMP within the growth cone. In some cases, cAMP affects the sensitivity of the growth cone to netrin-1, whereas in others it changes the response to netrin-1 from(More)
Molecular cues, such as netrin 1, guide axons by influencing growth cone motility. Rho GTPases are a family of intracellular proteins that regulate the cytoskeleton, substrate adhesion and vesicle trafficking. Activation of the RhoA subfamily of Rho GTPases is essential for chemorepellent axon guidance; however, their role during axonal chemoattraction is(More)
Peripheral cholecystokinin (CCK) reduces food intake and triggers the secretion of both oxytocin and corticotropin-releasing hormone. These responses are partially initiated by activation of receptors in the peripheral endings of the vagus nerve. However, in vivo studies showing that after vagotomy systemic CCK induces fos activation of neurons in the area(More)
The area postrema (AP) has been repeatedly implicated in cardiovascular regulation. Microinjection and single unit recording studies in vivo have suggested specific actions for angiotensin II (ANG) and glutamate (GLU) in controlling the excitability of AP neurons. The present study was therefore designed to examine the responsiveness of AP neurons to bath(More)
Netrin-1 is an essential extracellular chemoattractant that signals through its receptor DCC to guide commissural axon extension in the embryonic spinal cord. DCC directs the organization of F-actin in growth cones by activating an intracellular protein complex that includes the Rho GTPase Cdc42, a critical regulator of cell polarity and directional(More)
The area postrema (AP) is a circumventricular organ located on the dorsal surface of the medulla. Substantial evidence suggests that the AP is an important site involved in cardiovascular regulation. Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is thought to act at the AP to increase the sensitivity of the baroreceptor reflex. We have therefore examined the effects of AVP on(More)
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