Karen L Wu

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Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) plays versatile roles in the immune system. MIF is also widely expressed during embryonic development, particularly in the nervous system, although its roles in neural development are only beginning to be understood. Evidence from frogs, mice and zebrafish suggests that MIF has a major role as a neurotrophin in(More)
The inner ear is a complex organ containing sensory tissue, including hair cells, the development of which is not well understood. Our long-term goal is to discover genes critical for the correct formation and function of the inner ear and its sensory tissue. A novel gene, transmembrane inner ear (Tmie), was found to cause hearing-related disorders when(More)
PURPOSE Currently, there are no definitive immunomarkers for epithelial stem cells (corneal and conjunctival) or their poorly understood niche microenvironment. The H2B-GFP/K5tTA mouse enables visualization of label-retaining cells (LRCs), which exhibit the functional marker of stem cell quiescence. We used immunofluorescence tomography to evaluate putative(More)
von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a cancer syndrome, which includes renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and is caused by VHL mutations. Most, but not all VHL phenotypes are due to failure of mutant VHL to regulate constitutive proteolysis of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). Janus kinases (JAK1, 2, 3, and TYK2) promote cell survival and proliferation, processes(More)
BACKGROUND From 2002 to 2014, the orthopedic surgery residency applicant pool increased by 25% while the number of applications submitted per applicant rose by 69%, resulting in an increase of 109% in the number of applications received per program. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to identify applicant factors associated with an increased number of(More)
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