Karen L Woolley

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Low birth weight preterm infants are at high risk of brain injury, particularly injury to the white matter. Diffusion tensor imaging is thought to be more sensitive than conventional MR imaging for detecting subtle white matter abnormalities. The objective of this study was to examine whether diffusion tensor imaging could detect(More)
BACKGROUND Induced sputum is a useful way to monitor airway inflammation in asthma, but cell counts are time-consuming and labour intensive. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel processing method using eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) as a biochemical marker of sputum eosinophil number and activation in subjects with asthma and other(More)
The increase in thickness of bronchial walls by such structural changes as subepithelial fibrosis contributes to the severity and chronicity of asthma by amplifying airway narrowing. However, the pathogenesis of this structural alteration is not known. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1) is known to have biologic activities relevant to the(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether plagiarism is more prevalent in publications retracted from the medical literature when first authors are affiliated with lower-income countries versus higher-income countries. Secondary objectives included investigating other factors associated with plagiarism (e.g., national language of the first author's country(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic cough is a multifactorial condition, which, like asthma, can be associated with eosinophilic airway inflammation. In asthma, airway eosinophilia is believed to be mediated by cytokines such as interleukin-5 and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF). The role of these cytokines in chronic cough is unclear. OBJECTIVE(More)
The aims of this study were: to assess the safety of a sputum induction method using inhaled normal saline in children with acute asthma; and to investigate changes in sputum cell counts between acute exacerbations of asthma and its resolution. Ultrasonically nebulized normal saline was used to induce sputum from children (n = 8) presenting with acute(More)
Nasal polyposis and asthma are inflammatory conditions of the airways characterized by infiltration of activated inflammatory cells, particularly eosinophils. IL-4 is a multifunctional cytokine considered to play an important role in eosinophilic inflammation. We examined the cellular distribution of immunoreactive IL-4 in nasal polyps, as well as in the(More)
Tissue remodeling in bronchial tissues from asthmatics as well as in nasal polyp (NP) tissues includes sub-basement membrane deposition of collagen, stromal deposition of extracellular matrix protein, and hypertrophy/hyperplasia of airway smooth muscle cells, which are relevant to the cellular and molecular events induced by platelet-derived growth factor(More)
In this commentary, we present evidence that unethical authorship (eg, guest and ghost authoring) and other publication practices are not restricted to the pharmaceutical industry; they also occur in academia. Such practices are not an industry problem--they are a research problem. To enhance trust in industry-sponsored research, companies have made rapid(More)