Karen L Orman

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OBJECTIVE To describe the use of aerosolized urokinase in a patient with plastic bronchitis after a Fontan procedure. DESIGN Case report. SETTING Pediatric intensive care unit in a university-affiliated children's hospital. PATIENTS Report of one patient with acute respiratory failure secondary to plastic bronchitis. INTERVENTIONS Aerosolized(More)
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the pathophysiology of gram-positive sepsis is uncertain. In inflammatory conditions, high-output NO production is catalyzed by the enzyme inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The ability of 2 strains of pneumococci, pneumococcal cell wall preparations, and purified pneumococcal capsule (Pnu-Imune 23) to trigger the(More)
BACKGROUND Experts recommend that children with suspected pneumococcal meningitis should empirically receive combination therapy with vancomycin plus either ceftriaxone or cefotaxime. The relationship between timing of the first dose of vancomycin relative to other antibiotics and outcome in these children, however, has not been addressed. METHODS Medical(More)
The role of p38- and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathways in the up-regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) production in macrophages stimulated with Streptococcus pneumoniae was examined. Inhibitors of p38 kinases effected significant decreases in the(More)
Antibiotic choice can alter host inflammation during invasive bacterial infections. Previous studies of gram-negative organisms concluded that antibiotic-mediated release of bacterial cell wall components amplifies inflammation. Less has been reported about antibiotic effect on gram-positive organisms. This study explored the hypothesis that Streptococcus(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship of antibiotic susceptibility to clinical outcome in children with pneumococcal meningitis is uncertain. Previous studies have been limited by inclusion of relatively few patients infected with nonsusceptible pneumococci and inconsistent use of empiric vancomycin. METHODS Medical records of 86 children with culture-confirmed(More)
Giant cell myocarditis (GCM) is an organ-specific, autoimmune disease that infrequently affects children and generally has a more aggressive (often fatal) course than other forms of myocarditis. No data are available about the epidemiology of GCM in children. We describe a 13-year-old girl who presented with ventricular tachycardia and rapid hemodynamic(More)
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