Karen L. Morris

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PURPOSE Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may have utility as surrogate biomarkers and "virtual" biopsies. We report the clinical significance and molecular characteristics of CTCs and CTC clusters, termed circulating tumor microemboli (CTM), detected in patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) undergoing standard treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS Serial(More)
Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), an aggressive neuroendocrine tumor with early dissemination and dismal prognosis, accounts for 15-20% of lung cancer cases and ∼200,000 deaths each year. Most cases are inoperable, and biopsies to investigate SCLC biology are rarely obtainable. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs), which are prevalent in SCLC, present a readily(More)
Our aims are to determine levels of circulating cellular and protein biomarkers in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and to analyse any relationships with clinical parameters. Fifty-four consenting patients were recruited. Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) were enumerated (by CellSearch) and characterised via filtration [by isolation by size of(More)
BACKGROUND Cisplatin and gemcitabine is the standard first-line chemotherapy regimen for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer; expression of VEGF and its receptors is associated with adverse outcomes. We aimed to assess the effect of the addition of cediranib (an oral inhibitor of VEGF receptor 1, 2, and 3) to cisplatin and gemcitabine on(More)
Circulating tumour cells (CTC) are receiving increasing attention as prognostic, predictive and pharmacodynamic biomarkers in cancer patients. However, their clinical significance can be dependent on an accurate determination of CTC around cut-off values at low cell counts (<10 cells/7.5 ml). Consequently, we have conducted method validation of the(More)
The detection and enumeration of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has shown significant clinical utility with respect to prognosis in breast, colorectal and prostate cancers. Emerging studies show that CTCs can provide pharmacodynamic information to aid therapy decision making. CTCs as a 'virtual and real-time biopsy' have clear potential to facilitate(More)
Tumor recurrence after surgical resection of NSCLC obstructs long-term disease-free survival in approximately 50% of cases. Our data suggest that combining circulating tumor cell enumeration (as single cells or clusters) in tumor-draining pulmonary vein and peripheral blood (assessed by CellSearch) at the time of NSCLC surgery better identifies those(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of a multidisciplinary warfarin safety intervention on objective quality measurements. DESIGN A pre-post comparison of aggregate performance following 12 months of intervention activities. SETTING Long-term care facilities. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS Twelve long-term care facilities in New York state. INTERVENTIONS(More)
BACKGROUND Nivestim is a biosimilar approved for the same indications as Neupogen including the mobilization of autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs). The clinical efficacy and safety of Nivestim for this use have not been formally assessed in clinical trials. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS In our retrospective single-center study we compared variables(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug regimens are active against advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC). However, the increased toxicity requires the use of biomarkers to select the patients who will derive the most benefit. We assessed circulating tumor cells (CTCs) as a prognostic biomarker in patients treated with a 4-drug regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS A single-arm phase(More)