Karen L. Koster

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DSC was used to study the ability of glass-forming sugars to affect the gel-to-fluid phase transition temperature, T(m), of several phosphatidylcholines during dehydration. In the absence of sugars, T(m) increased as the lipid dried. Sugars diminished this increase, an effect we explain using the osmotic and volumetric properties of sugars. Sugars(More)
Juglone is phytotoxic, but the mechanisms of growth inhibition have not been fully explained. Previous studies have proposed that disruption of electron transport functions in mitochondria and chloroplasts contribute to observed growth reduction in species exposed to juglone. In studies reported here, corn and soybean seedlings grown in nutrient solution(More)
The formation of intracellular glass may help protect embryos from damage due to desiccation. Soluble sugars similar to those found in desiccation tolerant embryos were studied with differential scanning calorimetry. Those sugars from desiccation tolerant embryos can form glasses at ambient temperatures, whereas those from embryos that do not tolerate(More)
Soluble sugars have been shown to protect liposomes and lobster microsomes from desiccation damage, and a protective role has been proposed for them in several anhydrous systems. We have studied the relationship between soluble sugar content and the loss of desiccation tolerance in the axes of germinating soybean (Glycine max L. Merr. cv Williams), pea(More)
A common feature of desiccation-tolerant organisms, such as orthodox seeds, is the presence of large quantities of sugars, especially diand oligosaccharides. These sugars may be one component of the suite of adaptations that allow anhydrobiotes to survive the loss of most of their cellular water. This paper describes the physical effects of dehydration on(More)
Sorghum plants inhibit the growth of some adjacent species. Root exudates from grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), consisting primarily of the quinone sorgoleone, are phytotoxic to several plant species, yet the mechanisms of growth inhibition remain to be fully explained. Disruption of electron transport functions in isolated mitochondria and chloroplasts has(More)
The moss Physcomitrella patens is becoming the model of choice for functional genomic studies at the cellular level. Studies report that Physcomitrella survives moderate osmotic and salt stress, and that desiccation tolerance can be induced by exogenous ABA. Our goal was to quantify the extent of dehydration tolerance in wild type moss and to examine the(More)
The phase behavior of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC) was characterized as a function of hydration in the presence of combinations of sugars representative of sugars found in seed embryos having differing degrees of desiccation tolerance. The tendency of the sugar mixes to vitrify was also monitored as a function of hydration. Using(More)
Dehydration tolerance in plants is an important but understudied component of the complex phenotype of drought tolerance. Most plants have little capacity to tolerate dehydration; most die at leaf water potentials between -5 and -10 MPa. Some of the non-vascular plants and a small percentage (0.2%) of vascular plants, however, can survive dehydration to(More)
Mechanistic bases for freezing tolerance in anurans have been well-studied only in wood frogs, Rana sylvatica, so comprehensive explanations for the mechanisms and evolution of freezing tolerance in anurans are lacking. We measured crystallization temperatures, freezing tolerance/intolerance, and tissue glucose and glycogen phosphorylase activities in(More)