Learn More
ABT-089 [2-methyl-3-(2-(S)-pyrrolidinylmethoxy)pyridine dihydrochloride], a novel ligand at neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors with reduced adverse effects and improved oral bioavailability relative to (-)-nicotine, was tested in a variety of cognitive tests in rats and monkeys. Administered acutely, ABT-089 only marginally improved the spatial(More)
In order to investigate the mechanisms underlying green/red equiluminance matches in human observers and their relationship to mechanisms subserving luminance and/or chromatic (green/red) contrast sensitivity, we tested 21 human subjects along these dimensions at 16 different spatial and temporal frequencies (spatial frequency, 0.25-2 c/deg; temporal(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of 192 IgG saporin injections into the medial septal area (MSA), or nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM), and combined injections into the MSA and NBM, on water maze and radial arm maze performance in the male rat. The results of the present study reveal a dissociation between the effects of 192 IgG saporin(More)
Tritan color-vision deficiency is an autosomal dominant disorder associated with mutations in the short-wavelength-sensitive- (S-) cone-pigment gene. An unexplained feature of the disorder is that individuals with the same mutation manifest different degrees of deficiency. To date, it has not been possible to examine whether any loss of S-cone function is(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF WORK Sleep apnea is reported to occur in 2-4% of the general population. Patients with sarcoidosis are at increased risk for sleep apnea, possibly due to factors such as steroid use, neurosarcoid, or upper airway obstruction. METHODS In order to determine the prevalence and risk factors for sleep apnea in sarcoidosis patients, we(More)
Inherited tritan color vision deficiency is caused by defects in the function of the short-wavelength-sensitive (S) cones. This heterozygous group of disorders has an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Amino acid variations of the S cone opsin are rare and all that have been identified thus far are associated with inherited tritan color vision(More)
Analogs of A-98593 (1) and its enantiomer ABT-594 (2) with diverse substituents on the pyridine ring were prepared and tested for affinity to nicotinic acetylcholine receptor binding sites in rat brain and for analgesic activity in the mouse hot plate assay. Numerous types of modifications were consistent with high affinity for [3H]cytisine binding sites.(More)
Brightness induction refers to the finding that the apparent brightness of a stimulus changes when surrounded by a black versus a white stimulus. In the current study, we investigated the effects of black/white surrounding stimuli on settings made between red and green stimuli on three different tasks: heterochromatic brightness matching (HBM),(More)
Adenosine (ADO) is an inhibitory neuromodulator that can increase the nociceptive threshold in animals exposed to a variety of noxious stimuli. Inhibition of the ADO-metabolizing enzyme, ADO kinase (AK), provides a means of locally enhancing extracellular ADO concentrations. In the present study, the AK inhibitors 5'-amino,5'-deoxy-ADO (NH2dADO),(More)
In this study, the effects intraseptal injections of the selective cholinergic immunotoxin, 192-IgG-saporin, were investigated in mature (6-month-old) and aged (24-26-month-old) male Long-Evans rats. Ten days following intraseptal injection of either 192-IgG-saporin or saline, testing began in a battery of behavioral tests modulated by the septohippocampal(More)