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Reflex neurovascular dystrophy has rarely been recognized in children. During the past eight years we have observed 24 instances of RND in 23 children. Lower extremity involvement was manifested in 20 of them and upper extremity in four. The major complaint was pain; swelling and vasomotor instability were prominent, and exquisite tenderness was(More)
To evaluate whether the onset of systemic lupus erythematosus in the first decade of life was associated with a unique pattern of racial preponderance, sexual preponderance, genetic predisposition, or disease expression, the medical records of 23 children with systemic lupus erythematosus prior to their tenth birthdays were compared with the medical records(More)
The onset and course of 108 children with systemic lupus erythematosus have been analysed. There were more black patients than one would expect from hospital population statistics. There was a greater preponderance of boys with onset of the disease at less than 12 years of age and there is a large number of familial cases. Major signs and symptoms differed(More)
As newer treatment modalities become available for patients with severe lupus nephritis, it becomes increasingly important to identify patients at risk for renal failure. In this study, the records of 90 children presenting with systemic lupus erythematosus over a 13-year period were reviewed. Nineteen were lost to follow-up prior to completion of the(More)
Mixed connective tissue disease is a syndrome with overlapping clinical features of SLE, scleroderma, and polymyositis. Only one other child with MCTD has been described in detail. In this study 14 children with MCTD are described. Each had overlapping clinical findings that evolved over an extended period of observation, and all 14 had high serum titers of(More)
The true prognosis of JRA is unknown. The best interpretation of reports to this date may be that at any given time of examination between 5 and 15 years after onset, 30-50% of children will have grossly active disease and that 70-90% of patients will be in class I-II functional status. Published studies, however, are not comparable because of differing(More)
OBJECTIVE   To evaluate the impact of antioxidant therapy on functional health status in Fontan-palliated patients. Design.  Prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. PATIENTS   Fifty-three generally asymptomatic Fontan patients. INTERVENTIONS   Patients were randomized to receive either high-dose ascorbic acid (vitamin C) or(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery during infancy. Standard methods for evaluating renal function are not particularly sensitive nor are proximate indicators of renal dysfunction that allow intervention in real time. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a newer noninvasive technology that continuously(More)
After the Fontan operation, patients are at a substantial risk of the development of impaired functional health status. Few early markers of suboptimal outcomes have been identified. We sought to assess the association between peripheral vascular function and functional health status in Fontan-palliated patients. Asymptomatic Fontan patients (n = 51) and(More)
Sixty-six patients with possible juvenile dermatomyositis (JDMS) were observed at the Children's Hospital of Los Angeles from 1960 to 1982. In patients initially given high doses of corticosteroids followed by low-dose therapy, three different clinical courses had previously been observed: monocyclic, polycyclic, and chronic continuous. We reviewed the(More)