Karen K Takane

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Recent advances in human islet transplantation have highlighted the need for expanding the pool of beta-cells available for transplantation. We have developed three transgenic models in which growth factors (hepatocyte growth factor [HGF], placental lactogen, or parathyroid hormone-related protein) have been targeted to the beta-cell using rat insulin(More)
One of the goals in the treatment for diabetes is to enhance pancreatic beta cell function, proliferation, and survival. This study explores the role of lactogenic hormones, prolactin (PRL) and placental lactogen (PL), in beta cell survival. We have previously shown that transgenic mice expressing mouse placental lactogen-1 (mPL1) in beta cells under the(More)
The cloning of the so-called 'parathyroid hormone-related protein' (PTHrP) in 1987 was the result of a long quest for the factor which, by mimicking the actions of PTH in bone and kidney, is responsible for the hypercalcemic paraneoplastic syndrome, humoral calcemia of malignancy. PTHrP is distinct from PTH in a number of ways. First, PTHrP is the product(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) increases beta cell proliferation and function in rat insulin promoter (RIP)-targeted transgenic mice. RIP-HGF mouse islets also function superiorly to normal islets in a transplant setting. Here, we aimed to determine whether viral gene transfer of the HGF gene into mouse islets ex vivo could enhance the performance of normal(More)
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes both result from inadequate production of insulin by the beta-cells of the pancreatic islet. Accordingly, strategies that lead to increased pancreatic beta-cell mass, as well as retained or enhanced function of islets, would be desirable for the treatment of diabetes. Although pancreatic beta-cells have long been viewed as(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is produced in pancreatic mesenchyme-derived cells and in islet cells. In vitro, HGF increases the insulin content and proliferation of islets. To study the role of HGF in the islet in vivo, we have developed three lines of transgenic mice overexpressing mHGF using the rat insulin II promoter (RIP). Each RIP-HGF transgenic(More)
OBJECTIVE Most knowledge on human beta-cell cycle control derives from immunoblots of whole human islets, mixtures of beta-cells and non-beta-cells. We explored the presence, subcellular localization, and function of five early G1/S phase molecules-cyclins D1-3 and cdk 4 and 6-in the adult human beta-cell. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Immunocytochemistry(More)
Harnessing control of human β-cell proliferation has proven frustratingly difficult. Most G1/S control molecules, generally presumed to be nuclear proteins in the human β-cell, are in fact constrained to the cytoplasm. Here, we asked whether G1/S molecules might traffic into and out of the cytoplasmic compartment in association with activation of cell cycle(More)
OBJECTIVE Ceramide is now recognized as a negative regulator of insulin signaling by impairing protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt activation. In different cells, two distinct mechanisms have been proposed to mediate ceramide inhibition of PKB/Akt: one involving atypical protein kinase C zeta (PKCzeta) and the other the protein phosphatase-2 (PP2A). We hypothesized(More)
Pancreatic beta-cell survival is critical in the setting of diabetes as well as in islet transplantation. Transgenic mice overexpressing parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) targeted to beta-cells using the rat insulin II promoter (RIP) display hyperinsulinemia, hypoglycemia, and islet hyperplasia, without a concomitant increase in beta-cell(More)