Karen K. Klyczek

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Honey bees, as social insects, rely on collective behavioral defenses that produce a colony-level immune phenotype, or social immunity, which in turn impacts the immune response of individuals. One behavioral defense is the collection and deposition of antimicrobial plant resins, or propolis, in the nest. We tested the effect of a naturally constructed(More)
Temperate phages are common, and prophages are abundant residents of sequenced bacterial genomes. Mycobacteriophages are viruses that infect mycobacterial hosts including Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium smegmatis, encompass substantial genetic diversity and are commonly temperate. Characterization of ten Cluster N temperate mycobacteriophages(More)
The vast bacteriophage population harbors an immense reservoir of genetic information. Almost 2000 phage genomes have been sequenced from phages infecting hosts in the phylum Actinobacteria, and analysis of these genomes reveals substantial diversity, pervasive mosaicism, and novel mechanisms for phage replication and lysogeny. Here, we describe the(More)
We report here the genome sequences of 38 newly isolated bacteriophages using Gordonia terrae 3612 (ATCC 25594) and Gordonia neofelifaecis NRRL59395 as bacterial hosts. All of the phages are double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) tail phages with siphoviral morphologies, with genome sizes ranging from 17,118 bp to 93,843 bp and spanning considerable nucleotide(More)
Mycobacteriophages--viruses of mycobacterial hosts--are genetically diverse but morphologically are all classified in the Caudovirales with double-stranded DNA and tails. We describe here a group of five closely related mycobacteriophages--Corndog, Catdawg, Dylan, Firecracker, and YungJamal--designated as Cluster O with long flexible tails but with unusual(More)
We report here the genome sequences of six newly isolated bacteriophages infecting Arthrobacter sp. ATCC 21022. All six have myoviral morphologies and have double-stranded DNA genomes with circularly permuted ends. The six phages are closely related with average nucleotide identities of 73.4 to 93.0% across genomes lengths of 49,797 to 51,347 bp.
The murine major histocompatibility complex I-J subregion has recently been the subject of much controversy. The Ia-4 locus within I-J encodes a suppressor T lymphocyte surface marker (1), as well as a suppressor T cell factor determinant (2). Using recombinant strain distribution patterns, independent investigators mapped I-J between I-B and I-B and I-E,(More)
Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education 1 Volume 17, Number 1 ©2016 Author(s). Published by the American Society for Microbiology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ and(More)
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