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Initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD) of alternating copolymer thin films has been achieved for the first time. Copolymerization is desirable for maleic anhydride (Ma) since this monomer does not homopolymerize to an appreciable extent. At conditions where the observed deposition rates for styrene (S) and Ma homopolymers were only 0 and 5.5 nm/min,(More)
A solvent-free initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD) process was used to create low surface energy poly(1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorodecyl acrylate) (PPFDA) thin films at deposition rates as high as 375 nm/min. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed full retention of the fluorine moieties, and no measurable(More)
Membranes for a lung assist device must permit the exchange of gaseous O₂ and CO₂ while simultaneously acting as a liquid barrier, so as to prevent leakage of blood and its components from passing from one side to the other. Additionally, these membranes must be capable of being integrated into microfluidic devices possessing a vascular network. In this(More)
A procedure is developed and validated for making a non-functionalized polyolefin fabric/film highly bactericidal and fungicidal which involves a free-radical grafting of maleic anhydride, followed by an attachment of polyethylenimine (PEI) and its subsequent N-alkylation. Separately, cotton fabric coated with a micron layer of a hydrophobic polymer using(More)
Given its biocompatibility, elasticity, and gas permeability, poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) is widely used to fabricate microgrooves and microfluidic devices for three-dimensional (3D) cell culture studies. However, conformal coating of complex PDMS devices prepared by standard microfabrication techniques with desired chemical functionality is challenging.(More)
Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) polymerization utilizes the delivery of vapor-phase monomers to form chemically well-defined polymeric films directly on the surface of a substrate. CVD polymers are desirable as conformal surface modification layers exhibiting strong retention of organic functional groups, and, in some cases, are responsive to external(More)
As the complexity of microphotonic devices grows, the ability to precisely trim microring resonators becomes increasingly important. Photo-oxidation trimming uses UV irradiation to oxidize a cladding layer composed of polymerized hexamethyldisilane (6M2S) deposited with plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). PECVD 6M2S has optical properties(More)
The vapor phase deposition of polymeric antimicrobial coatings is reported. Initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD), a solventless low-temperature process, is used to form thin films of polymers on fragile substrates. For this work, finished nylon fabric is coated by iCVD with no affect on the color or feel of the fabric. Infrared characterization(More)
Well-adhered, conformal, thin (<100 nm) coatings can easily be obtained by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) for a variety of technological applications. Room temperature modification with functional polymers can be achieved on virtually any substrate: organic, inorganic, rigid, flexible, planar, three-dimensional, dense, or porous. In CVD polymerization, the(More)
Initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD) is presented as an all-dry synthesis and coating method for applying methacrylic acid copolymers as pH-responsive controlled release layers. iCVD combines the strengths of liquid-phase chemical synthesis with a precision solvent-free chemical vapor deposition environment. Copolymers of methacrylic acid and ethyl(More)