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OBJECTIVE To assess the impact on children's health of translating an evidence-based national intervention trial (Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health [CATCH]) to low-income elementary schools with primarily Hispanic students. DESIGN An untreated, matched control group design with repeated dependent pretest and posttest samples was used.(More)
This study investigated the relationship between weight loss from gastric bypass surgery, patient characteristics, and compliance with physician instructions before and after surgery. A chart review of psychiatric and medical files was conducted for an initial cohort of 172 patients in a postsurgical management program. A total of 112 patients (primarily(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study is to describe the face and discriminant validity of an exercise vital sign (EVS) for use in an outpatient electronic medical record. METHODS Eligible patients were 1,793,385 adults 18 yr and older who were members of a large health care system in Southern California. To determine face validity, median total(More)
This article aims to describe the role of community health workers (CHWs) in health promotion research and address the challenges and ethical concerns associated with this research approach. A series of six focus groups are conducted with project managers and investigators (n = 5 to 11 per session) who have worked with CHWs in health promotion research.(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the validity of five physical activity monitors available for research: the CSA, the TriTrac-R3D, the RT3, the SenseWear Armband, and the BioTrainer-Pro. METHODS A total of 10 healthy men and 11 healthy women performed 10 min of treadmill walking at 54, 80, and 107 mxmin and treadmill running at 134, 161, 188, and 214 mxmin. The CSA,(More)
OBJECTIVE The current study examined the relationships among built environment, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) in a primarily Hispanic border community in El Paso, TX. METHODS Data from a 2001 community-wide health survey were matched to environmental data using geocoding techniques in ARC VIEW software. A total of 996 adults were surveyed(More)
INTRODUCTION Latinas are more likely to be inactive than non-Hispanic white women. Although 74% of Latinas report no leisure-time activity, few interventions have been designed to promote physical activity among these women. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the California WISEWOMAN program on low-income Latinas's readiness to change(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a minimal, tailored diabetes prevention program for families that could be delivered in elementary school settings. METHODS Families were eligible for the program if they had at least one child aged 8 to 12 years old attending the elementary school who was at high risk of developing type 2(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether maternal attitude toward prevention, as indicated by history of seeking Papanicolaou (Pap) tests and contracting sexually transmitted infections, influenced human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake among their adolescent daughters. METHODS We linked the electronic health records of girls aged 9 to 17 years with their(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of extreme obesity in a large, multiethnic contemporary cohort of children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN In a cross-sectional study, measured weight and height were extracted from electronic medical records of 710,949 patients aged 2 to 19 years (87.8% of eligible patients) who were enrolled in an integrated prepaid(More)