Karen Jacqueline Coleman

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OBJECTIVE To assess the impact on children's health of translating an evidence-based national intervention trial (Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health [CATCH]) to low-income elementary schools with primarily Hispanic students. DESIGN An untreated, matched control group design with repeated dependent pretest and posttest samples was used.(More)
OBJECTIVE Individuals' perceptions of portion size have not been examined with respect to body mass index (BMI; calculated as kg/m(2)), food form, food macronutrient, or food-energy density. The primary objective of this investigation was to evaluate the characteristics surrounding college students' perception of typical portions of real food items. (More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the validity of five physical activity monitors available for research: the CSA, the TriTrac-R3D, the RT3, the SenseWear Armband, and the BioTrainer-Pro. METHODS A total of 10 healthy men and 11 healthy women performed 10 min of treadmill walking at 54, 80, and 107 mxmin and treadmill running at 134, 161, 188, and 214 mxmin. The CSA,(More)
This study investigated the relationship between weight loss from gastric bypass surgery, patient characteristics, and compliance with physician instructions before and after surgery. A chart review of psychiatric and medical files was conducted for an initial cohort of 172 patients in a postsurgical management program. A total of 112 patients (primarily(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study is to describe the face and discriminant validity of an exercise vital sign (EVS) for use in an outpatient electronic medical record. METHODS Eligible patients were 1,793,385 adults 18 yr and older who were members of a large health care system in Southern California. To determine face validity, median total(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined how demographics, physical activity, weight status, and neighborhood characteristics varied among households with and without dogs. METHOD Participants aged 20 to 65 years (n=2199, 52% male, 75% white, mean age=45) were recruited from 32 neighborhoods in the Seattle, WA and Baltimore, MD regions during 2002-2005. Dog(More)
PURPOSE To validate the 7-d Physical Activity Recall (PAR) telephone interview version and its activity intensity categories. METHODS Seventy-four adults (47 women, 27 men), ranging in age (18-67) and activity levels, were interviewed by phone and in-person using the same PAR protocol. Each participant wore a TriTrac-R3D accelerometer for 10 d. Validity(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a minimal, tailored diabetes prevention program for families that could be delivered in elementary school settings. METHODS Families were eligible for the program if they had at least one child aged 8 to 12 years old attending the elementary school who was at high risk of developing type 2(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether maternal attitude toward prevention, as indicated by history of seeking Papanicolaou (Pap) tests and contracting sexually transmitted infections, influenced human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake among their adolescent daughters. METHODS We linked the electronic health records of girls aged 9 to 17 years with their(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate temporal trends of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and obesity among hospitalized US children, adolescents, and young adults over the past 2 decades and to examine potential sex disparities in NAFLD hospitalizations. METHODS Hospitalization discharges with NAFLD or obesity were identified among children and young adults(More)