Karen J Telford

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OBJECTIVE The Strength-duration test (SDT) is a simple minimally invasive measure of muscle innervation, recently adapted for the assessment of the external anal sphincter (EAS). This test can discriminate women with faecal incontinence from controls. The purpose of this study was to determine if the SDT could detect denervation of the EAS in women with(More)
This structured case report is a brief case report describing an episode of complete circumferential rectal ulceration and haemorrhage secondary to the use of a faecal management system. An elderly lady was admitted for elective cardiac surgery. Prior to admission, the patient was taking warfarin in view of her atrial fibrillation. Following surgery, the(More)
AIM Anal manometry is an established assessment tool for patients with faecal incontinence. Fatigue rate index (FRI) has been shown to discriminate between symptomatic patients and controls. The aim of this study was to compare manometry and fatigability of the anal canal in nulliparous women before and after childbirth. METHOD An air-filled manometry(More)
BACKGROUND Anal acoustic reflectometry is a new reproducible technique that allows a viscoelastic assessment of anal canal function. Five new variables reflecting anal canal function are measured: the opening and closing pressure, opening and closing elastance, and hysteresis. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess whether the parameters measured(More)
OBJECTIVE The strength duration test (SDT) is a minimally invasive test of the innervation of a muscle and has been successfully adapted for use on the external anal sphincter (EAS). The SDT has previously been performed on the EAS placing a stimulating probe in the 3 o'clock position. The aim of this study was to determine whether there was any variation(More)
BACKGROUND Men with passive fecal leakage represent a distinct clinical entity in which the pathophysiology remains unclear. Standard anorectal investigations fail to demonstrate consistent abnormalities in this group. Anal acoustic reflectometry is a new test of anal sphincter function with greater sensitivity and discriminatory ability than conventional(More)
BACKGROUND Early surgical results of anterior sphincter repair for faecal incontinence can be good, but in the longer term are often disappointing. This study aimed to determine the short and long term outcomes from anterior sphincter repair and identify factors predictive of long term success. METHODS Patients who underwent anterior sphincter repair(More)
INTRODUCTION Anal incontinence commonly results from external anal sphincter dysfunction. The muscle is routinely assessed by anorectal physiology studies. Fatigability is not routinely measured but should be an important factor in the maintenance of continence. The fatigue rate index has been developed to address this. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Persistent symptoms after cholecystectomy are common, occurring in up to 40 per cent of patients. Severe pain persists in 10 per cent of cases. A total of 450 patients were studied, 200 after open cholecystectomy and 250 after the laparoscopic operation. Patient notes were reviewed and a postal questionnaire was circulated. Responses were obtained from 155(More)