Learn More
Abstract The genes for the posterior pituitary hormones oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) are expressed in magnocellular neurons of the hypothalamus. Previous attempts to obtain cell-specific expression of OT and VP transgenes in mice have been unsuccessful using constructs containing only the OT or VP genes. As the endogenous genes are located near each(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) strongly promotes renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis, but the cellular target that mediates its profibrotic actions has not been clearly identified. While in vitro data suggest that TGF-β-induced matrix production is mediated by renal fibroblasts, the role of these cells in TGF-β-dependent tubulointerstitial fibrosis(More)
Multiple indices have been developed to characterise the nonperiodic behaviour of heart rate variability displayed in Poincaré plots, particularly with R-R interval data collected over 24hr periods. Some of these indices have been compared to statistical time-domain indices and some to spectral indices, while others have been used to separate data sets such(More)
Digital volume correlation (DVC) provides experimental measurements of displacements and strains throughout the interior of porous materials such as trabecular bone. It can provide full-field continuum- and tissue-level measurements, desirable for validation of finite element models, by comparing image volumes from subsequent µCT scans of a sample in(More)
The literature from 1942-2005 was reviewed in order to determine an inexpensive animal model which can closely mimic pressure ulcers seen in humans of varying ages, without the need for surgical procedures. Two animal models for producing pressure ulcers were found to be inexpensive: pigs to mimic pressure ulcers in young humans due to their fixed skin, and(More)
Opioids have an occasional but high-risk side effect of respiratory depression. The detection of critical respiratory depression usually occurs after the event. Earlier detection would be beneficial in preventing increased morbidity and mortality of 0.01 % patients receiving analgesic opioids. Airway patency during inspiration requires vagal modulation.(More)
Micro-CT systems are available that facilitate ex vivo examinations of human specimens as big as entire vertebrae, with spatial resolutions in the 10-micrometer range. This opens a new way for looking at entire bones in 3D. Accurate description of the internal microarchitecture of the entire organ can be obtained, at spatial resolutions previously(More)
The electrocardiograms (ECGs) record the electrical activity of the heart and are used to diagnose many heart disorders. This paper proposes a two-stage feed forward neural network for ECG signal classification. The research is aimed at the design of an intelligent ECG diagnosis tool that can recognise heart abnormalities while reducing the complexity,(More)
A lipophilicity constrained library of 5-carboxamido 1-benzyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyloxy)-1H-pyrazoles was prepared by solution-phase parallel synthesis with removal of acidic by-products using the strongly basic MP-carbonate resin. Compounds show both activation of soluble guanylate cyclase and inhibition of platelet aggregation. Compound 12 also shows(More)
The development and validation of a virtual generic 3D model of the distal femur using computer graphical methods is presented. The synthesis of the generic model requires the following steps: acquisition of bony 3D morphology using standard computed tomography (CT) imaging; alignment of 3D models reconstructed from CT images with a common coordinate(More)