Karen Iler Kirk

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Although cochlear implants improve the ability of profoundly deaf children to understand speech, critics claim that the published literature does not document even a single case of a child who has developed a linguistic system based on input from an implant. Thus, it is of clinical and scientific importance to determine whether cochlear implants facilitate(More)
OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were 1) to examine the effect of lexical characteristics on the spoken word recognition performance of children who use a multichannel cochlear implant (CI), and 2) to compare their performance on lexically controlled word lists with their performance on a traditional test of word recognition, the PB-K. DESIGN In two(More)
The perception of voice similarity was examined in 5-year-old children with normal hearing sensitivity and in pediatric cochlear implant users, 5-12 years of age. Recorded sentences were manipulated to form a continuum of similar-sounding voices. An adaptive procedure was then used to determine how acoustically different, in terms of average fundamental and(More)
OBJECTIVE Auditory neuropathy is a recently described clinical entity characterized by sensorineural hearing loss in which the auditory evoked potential (ABR) is absent but otoacoustic emissions are present. This suggests a central locus for the associated hearing loss. In this study the results observed in a child with auditory neuropathy who received a(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present studies was to assess the validity of using closed-set response formats to measure two cognitive processes essential for recognizing spoken words---perceptual normalization (the ability to accommodate acoustic-phonetic variability) and lexical discrimination (the ability to isolate words in the mental lexicon). In(More)
OBJECTIVE With broadening candidacy criteria for cochlear implantation, a greater number of pediatric candidates have usable residual hearing in their nonimplanted ears. This population potentially stands to benefit from continued use of conventional amplification in their nonimplanted ears. The purposes of this investigation were to evaluate whether(More)
The acquisition of speech perception and speech production skills emerges over a protracted time course in congenitally deaf children with multichannel cochlear implants (CI). Only through comprehensive, longitudinal studies can the full impact of cochlear implantation be assessed. In this study, the performance of CI users was examined longitudinally on a(More)
OBJECTIVES In this investigation, we report the outcomes of 14 adults (age >18 y) and 9 children (age <18 y) with radiographically proven large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS) who received cochlear implants at Indiana University School of Medicine. STUDY DESIGN This is a retrospective case-control study detailing the outcomes of 23 patients with LVAS(More)
This study examined the effects of age at implantation on the development of communication abilities in children with early implantation. The 73 participants were prelingually deafened, received a cochlear implant before 5 years of age, and used current cochlear implant technology. The children were administered a battery of speech and language outcome(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the communication outcomes between children with aided residual hearing and children with cochlear implants. DESIGN Measures of speech recognition and language were administered to pediatric hearing aid users and cochlear implant users followed up longitudinally as part of an ongoing investigation on cochlear implant outcomes. The(More)