Karen Horton Harum

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The developing brain experiences major construction during fetal life and for at least the first decade of childhood. Many more neurons and synoptic connections are produced than are needed for later function, and the mature brain is what remains after these excess building materials are "sculpted" away. This process is thought to be the basis for the(More)
BACKGROUND Gene expression and protein synthesis, mediated by the transcription factor CREB (cAMP response element binding protein), play an important role in learning and memory in several species, including Drosophila, snails, and mice. Patients with the X-linked disorder Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS) have cognitive disabilities, distinctive features, and(More)
A 5-year old girl with cerebral palsy (CP), preterm birth, postnatal aortic thrombus, and cerebellar venous infarction who is homozygous for the thrombophilic factor-V Leiden (fVL) mutation is reported. The role of hereditary thrombophilic disorders in the development of perinatal vascular lesions such as aortic thrombi, renal-vein thrombosis, venous-sinus(More)
Two unrelated patients with cryptic subtelomeric deletions of 22q13.3 were identified using FISH with the commercially available Oncor probe, D22S39. Proband 1 was found to have a derivative chromosome 22 resulting from the unbalanced segregation of a t(1;22)(q44;q13.32) in her mother. Additional FISH analysis of proband 1 and her mother placed the(More)
Cognitive disorders in children have traditionally been described in terms of clinical phenotypes or syndromes, chromosomal lesions, metabolic disorders, or neuropathology. Relatively little is known about how these disorders affect the chemical reactions involved in learning and memory. Experiments in fruit flies, snails, and mice have revealed some highly(More)
Memory, the ability to store and retrieve information, is essential for learning in children. Modern neurobiology research is revealing some of the fundamental steps that encode memories within networks of neuronal synaptic connections in the brain. Somewhat different networks store verbal declarative memories and habit or procedural memories. Several(More)
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