Karen Henshaw

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OBJECTIVE Arthritic synovial fluid (SF) contains mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which could simply reflect their shedding from diseased joint structures. This study used the bovine model to explore SF MSCs in health and enumerated them at the earliest stages of human osteoarthritis (OA) in radiographically normal joints. METHODS Clonogenicity and(More)
OBJECTIVE In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), B cell depletion occurs in all patients treated with rituximab, but the clinical responses to rituximab are variable. A highly sensitive assay was used to test the hypothesis that B cell depletion is variable, and that incomplete depletion leads to a poorer outcome. METHODS Sixty patients with active RA unresponsive(More)
OBJECTIVE Rituximab appears to be effective in many studies of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), with variable initial clinical response and time to relapse. However, results of a randomized controlled trial of rituximab were negative. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of rituximab in SLE, using highly sensitive flow cytometry(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies comparing 500 mg rituximab and 1,000 mg rituximab doses in rheumatoid arthritis have yielded conflicting data on clinical outcomes, but in all of these studies a subgroup of patients has had excellent responses at the lower dose. Historically, it was considered that rituximab uniformly depleted B cells at both doses. Using highly sensitive(More)
OBJECTIVES The utility of autologous chondrocytes for cartilage repair strategies in older subjects with osteoarthritis (OA) may be limited by both age-related and disease-associated decline in chondrogenesis. The aim of this work was to assess OA Hoffa's fat pad as an alternative source of autologous chondroprogenitor cells and to compare it with OA(More)
OBJECTIVE A proportion of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have disease that fails to respond to an initial cycle of rituximab. Using highly sensitive flow cytometry (HSFC), it has been shown that most patients who do not exhibit a response, as measured using the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) criteria, have persistent circulating B cell(More)
An unexpected side effect of some classes of anticoagulants has been osteoporosis which may be, at least in part, related to deranged mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) function. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of fondaparinux (FDP), a novel antithrombotic with a traditional widely used low molecular weight heparin, tinzaparin (TZP) on MSC(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the histological changes in acute enthesopathy in early spondyloarthropathies (SpA). METHODS Clinically evident acute enthesopathy was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography in four cases of plantar fasciitis and one case of patellar tendon enthesitis. Ultrasound guided biopsy of insertional points was carried(More)
INTRODUCTION It has been previously shown that in patients with osteoporosis, mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) growth rate and osteogenic potential is decreased contributing to inferior fracture consolidation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), BMP-7, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and platelet-derived growth(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify novel diagnostic markers by comparing gene expression in rheumatoid (RA) and reactive arthritis (ReA) synovium. METHODS Synovial biopsy specimens were obtained by needle arthroscopy from the knees of 10 patients with either RA or ReA. RNA was isolated from the biopsy specimens and cDNA synthesised for analysis using a customised cDNA(More)