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OBJECTIVE Arthritic synovial fluid (SF) contains mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which could simply reflect their shedding from diseased joint structures. This study used the bovine model to explore SF MSCs in health and enumerated them at the earliest stages of human osteoarthritis (OA) in radiographically normal joints. METHODS Clonogenicity and(More)
OBJECTIVES The utility of autologous chondrocytes for cartilage repair strategies in older subjects with osteoarthritis (OA) may be limited by both age-related and disease-associated decline in chondrogenesis. The aim of this work was to assess OA Hoffa's fat pad as an alternative source of autologous chondroprogenitor cells and to compare it with OA(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies comparing 500 mg rituximab and 1,000 mg rituximab doses in rheumatoid arthritis have yielded conflicting data on clinical outcomes, but in all of these studies a subgroup of patients has had excellent responses at the lower dose. Historically, it was considered that rituximab uniformly depleted B cells at both doses. Using highly sensitive(More)
OBJECTIVE In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), B cell depletion occurs in all patients treated with rituximab, but the clinical responses to rituximab are variable. A highly sensitive assay was used to test the hypothesis that B cell depletion is variable, and that incomplete depletion leads to a poorer outcome. METHODS Sixty patients with active RA unresponsive(More)
OBJECTIVE A proportion of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have disease that fails to respond to an initial cycle of rituximab. Using highly sensitive flow cytometry (HSFC), it has been shown that most patients who do not exhibit a response, as measured using the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) criteria, have persistent circulating B cell(More)
INTRODUCTION It has been previously shown that in patients with osteoporosis, mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) growth rate and osteogenic potential is decreased contributing to inferior fracture consolidation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), BMP-7, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and platelet-derived growth(More)
OBJECTIVE Rituximab appears to be effective in many studies of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), with variable initial clinical response and time to relapse. However, results of a randomized controlled trial of rituximab were negative. This study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of rituximab in SLE, using highly sensitive flow cytometry(More)
OBJECTIVES Clinical response to TNF-alpha blockade in the treatment of RA is heterogeneous. The study aims were to determine whether pre-treatment synovial cytokine expression predicted infliximab response and whether synovial changes after therapy correlated with response. METHODS Fifty-one patients had arthroscopic biopsies of the knee joint prior to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The systemic response after fracture is regulated by a complex mechanism involving numerous growth factors. In this study, we analyzed the kinetics of key growth factors following lower-limb long bone fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS Human serum was isolated from 15 patients suffering from lower-limb long bone fracture (tibia/femur)(More)
An unexpected side effect of some classes of anticoagulants has been osteoporosis which may be, at least in part, related to deranged mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) function. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of fondaparinux (FDP), a novel antithrombotic with a traditional widely used low molecular weight heparin, tinzaparin (TZP) on MSC(More)