Karen Hemelsoet

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Ozonation of the quinolone antibiotic levofloxacin was investigated with focus on both the levofloxacin degradation rate and degradation product formation. Degradation was about 2 times faster at pH 10 compared to pH 3 and 7 explained by direct ozonation at the unprotonated N4('), one of the tertiary amines of the piperazinyl substituent. H2O2 concentration(More)
The regioselectivity of ring-forming radical reactions is investigated within the framework of the so-called spin-polarized conceptual density functional theory. Two different types of cyclizations were studied. First, a series of model reactions of alkyl- and acyl-substituted radicals were investigated. Next, attention was focused on the radical cascade(More)
BACKGROUND Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), one of the most profound and influential modern philosophers, suffered since his very childhood from severe migraine. At 44 he had a mental breakdown ending in a dementia with total physical dependence due to stroke. From the very beginning, Nietzsche's dementia was attributed to a neurosyphilitic infection.(More)
TAMkin is a program for the calculation and analysis of normal modes, thermochemical properties and chemical reaction rates. At present, the output from the frequently applied software programs ADF, CHARMM, CPMD, CP2K, Gaussian, Q-Chem, and VASP can be analyzed. The normal-mode analysis can be performed using a broad variety of advanced models, including(More)
A combined theoretical and experimental study is performed in order to elucidate the effects of linker functional groups on the photoabsorption properties of UiO-66-X materials. This study, in which both mono- and difunctionalized linkers (with X = OH, NH2, or SH) are investigated, aims to obtain a more complete picture of the choice of functionalization.(More)
Three different types of NH3 species can be simultaneously present on Cu(2+)-exchanged CHA-type zeolites, commonly used in Ammonia Selective Catalytic Reduction (NH3-SCR) systems. These include ammonium ions (NH4(+)), formed on the Brønsted acid sites, [Cu(NH3)4](2+) complexes, resulting from NH3 coordination with the Cu(2+) Lewis sites, and NH3 adsorbed on(More)
To optimally design next generation catalysts a thorough understanding of the chemical phenomena at the molecular scale is a prerequisite. Apart from qualitative knowledge on the reaction mechanism, it is also essential to be able to predict accurate rate constants. Molecular modeling has become a ubiquitous tool within the field of heterogeneous catalysis.(More)
The conversion of methanol to olefins (MTO) over a heterogeneous nanoporous catalyst material is a highly complex process involving a cascade of elementary reactions. The elucidation of the reaction mechanisms leading to either the desired production of ethene and/or propene or undesired deactivation has challenged researchers for many decades. Clearly,(More)
Thermodynamic properties of phosphorus-containing compounds were investigated using high-level ab initio computations. An extended set of contemporary density functional theory (DFT) procedures was assessed for their ability to accurately predict bond dissociation energies of a set of phosphoranyl radicals. The results of meta- and double-hybrids as well as(More)
Methylations of ethene, propene, and butene by methanol over the acidic microporous H-ZSM-5 catalyst are studied by means of state of the art computational techniques, to derive Arrhenius plots and rate constants from first principles that can directly be compared with the experimental data. For these key elementary reactions in the methanol to hydrocarbons(More)