Karen H Dingley

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We conducted a study to evaluate dietary chemopreventive strategies to reduce genotoxic effects of the carcinogens 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenyl-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) and 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ). PhIP and IQ are heterocyclic amines (HCAs) that are found in cooked meat and may be risk factors for cancer. Typical chemoprevention(More)
2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine (PhIP) has been implicated as a major mutagenic heterocyclic amine in the human diet and is carcinogenic in the rat prostate. To validate PhIP-induced rat prostatic neoplasia as a model of human prostate cancer progression, we sought to study the earliest histologic and morphologic changes in the prostate and(More)
The mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA) is a potent nephrotoxin and renal carcinogen in rodents. However, the mechanism of OTA-induced tumor formation is unknown and conflicting results have been obtained regarding the potential of OTA to bind to DNA. OTA is poorly metabolized, and no reactive intermediates capable of interacting with DNA have been detected in(More)
Epidemiology studies have indicated that certain dietary components, including well-cooked meat, are risk determinants for colon cancer. Cooked meat can contain significant quantities of heterocyclic aromatic amines (HCAs), which have been established as carcinogens in laboratory animals. 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is usually the(More)
2-Amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) are heterocyclic amines formed during the cooking of meat and fish. Both are genotoxic in a number of test systems and are carcinogenic in rats and mice. Human exposure to these compounds via dietary sources has been estimated to be under 1(More)
In January 1993 the oil tanker Braer ran aground in the Shetland Islands, Scotland. Approximately 80,000 tons of crude oil were released. Exceptionally high winds caused extensive pollution and exposure of the local population to crude oil. We describe the study which was immediately set in place to examine the exposed population for evidence of genotoxic(More)
The levels of aflatoxin B(1)-DNA and aflatoxin B(1)-albumin adducts were investigated by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) in humans and rats following exposure to a known, dietary relevant amount of carbon-14 labeled aflatoxin B(1) ([(14)C]AFB(1)). The aims of the study were to: (a) investigate the dose-dependent formation of DNA and protein adducts at(More)
[2-14C]2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) was administered orally (304 ng/kg body-weight dose based upon an average 70-kg-body-weight subject) to 5 human colon-cancer patients (58 to 84 years old), as well as to F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice. Colon tissue was collected from the human subjects at surgery and from the rodents 3.5 to 6 hr after(More)
This study was aimed to establish whether tamoxifen binds irreversibly to uterine DNA when given to women. Patients were given a single therapeutic dose of [(14)C]tamoxifen citrate orally (20 mg, 0.37 or 1.85 MBq) approximately 18 h prior to hysterectomy or breast surgery. Nonmalignant uterine tissue was separated into myometrium and endometrium. DNA and(More)
This study aimed to estimate aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) exposure in the United Kingdom population by measuring levels of serum AFB1-albumin (alb), using immunoassay and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection. A self-questionnaire on dietary habits from 104 volunteers (47 men and 57 women) in York was completed, and blood samples(More)