Karen G. Schneider

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The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the genesis of cervical cancer has been well documented, and an increasing body of literature exists with regard to the role of HPV in other cancers, including cancers of the head and neck. With the recent expansion of the United States Food and Drug Administration's approval of the quadrivalent HPV virus-like(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral therapy (ART) used as preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seronegative individuals reduces the risk of acquiring HIV. However, the population-level impact and cost-effectiveness of using PrEP as a public health intervention remains debated. METHODS We used a stochastic agent-based model of HIV(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Evaluation of safety and postoperative outcomes of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) during pediatric tonsil surgery compared to use of the endotracheal tube (ETT). STUDY DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. METHODS A population-based sample of 117 patients ages 2 to 18 years requiring adenotonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, or(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study used a concurrent validation design with 45 healthy female participants. OBJECTIVE To measure the relative contributions of aerobic capacity and back strength to lift capacity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA This was the first concurrent study of the relations among spine strength, aerobic capacity, and lift capacity. Previous(More)
OBJECTIVE Antiretroviral therapy (ART) management for HIV-infected children is critical in many resource-constrained countries. We investigated the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of different frequencies of monitoring plasma viral load among HIV-positive children initiating ART in a resource-limited setting. DESIGN/METHODS A stochastic agent-based(More)
Dental dams are distributed and promoted in some safer sex campaigns for use in oral sex. However, whether and how often dams are used for sex between Australian women remains unknown. We investigated the use of dental dams for sex by lesbians and other women who have sex with women, and the relationship between dam use and sexual risk for this group. In(More)
Limited research exists on self-reported geriatric nurse practitioner (GNP) perceptions. Thirty-six GNPs completed a survey for level of importance rather than rank-order. Subjects also completed the Profile of Mood States. Through the use of Pearson correlation techniques, results indicate that the number of years in nursing was related to appreciation(More)
INTRODUCTION The economic burden associated with the treatment of low back pain (LBP) in the United States is significant. LBP caused by sacroiliac (SI) joint disruption/degenerative sacroiliitis is most commonly treated with nonoperative care and/or open SI joint surgery. New and effective minimally invasive surgery (MIS) options may offer potential cost(More)
Information Visualization for Children: The User in Context Considering the interior lives of children, from a design perspective it may be helpful to think about children as a series of cognitive communities, divided roughly along developmental stages. Piaget's four developmental stages are worth iterating, if only to phrase them in terms of children and(More)
BACKGROUND Prison populations are made up of individuals from disadvantaged, often abusive backgrounds, who are more likely to suffer from psychological problems than the general community. AIM This study aimed to determine associations between current psychological distress and history of having experienced sexual coercion and/or physical assault among(More)