Karen F. Ross

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Dietary fatty acids have a profound impact on atherosclerosis, but mechanisms are not fully understood. We studied the effects of a saturated fat diet supplemented with fish oil, trans10,cis12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), or elaidic acid on lipid and glucose metabolism and liver protein levels of APOE*3 Leiden transgenic mice, a model for lipid(More)
provides an international forum for discussion of a broad range of issues pertaining to death investigation. This year we have much to discuss and a wonderful host city to enjoy. Charlotte is a city where cosmopolitan character meets southern comforts. Our meeting will feature presentations and posters that cover a broad range of topics. There will be(More)
Malignant transformation results in abnormal cell cycle regulation and uncontrolled growth in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and other cancers. S100A8/A9 (calprotectin) is a calcium-binding heterodimeric protein complex implicated in cell cycle regulation, but the specific mechanism and role in cell cycle control and carcinoma growth are not(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine hypoglycemia prevalence in prepubertal children on thrice (TID) and twice (BID) daily insulin regimens, using the Medtronic Minimed Continuous Glucose Monitoring System. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty-eight children aged <12 years (median 9.8, range 6.9-11.8) wore the sensor for three consecutive days and nights. Hypoglycemia(More)
BACKGROUND Oral keratinocytes on the mucosal surface are frequently exposed to HIV-1 through contact with infected sexual partners or nursing mothers. To determine the plausibility that oral keratinocytes are primary targets of HIV-1, we tested the hypothesis that HIV-1 infects oral keratinocytes in a restricted manner. RESULTS To study the fate of HIV-1,(More)
cis-9, trans-11-Conjugated linoleic acid (c9 t11 CLA) exerts anti-diabetic effects by improving systemic insulin sensitivity and inflammation. Levels of CLA in beef can be increased by feeding cattle on pasture. This study aimed to explore the efficacy of a CLA-rich diet (0.6% w/w c9 t11 CLA), presented as beef enriched with CLA or beef supplemented with(More)
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BACKGROUND Systemic infection with HIV occurs infrequently through the oral route. The frequency of occurrence may be increased by concomitant bacterial infection of the oral tissues, since co-infection and inflammation of some cell types increases HIV-1 replication. A putative periodontal pathogen, Porphyromonas gingivalis selectively up-regulates(More)
Brief series summarizes key academic research fi ndings, highlighting implications for policy. The NPC encourages the dissemination of this publication and grants full reproduction right to any party so long as proper credit is granted the NPC. Center Policy Brief #x ". Overview As young people extend the transition to adulthood by delaying marriage and(More)