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RATIONALE Moderate doses of d-amphetamine (given both acutely and chronically) have been shown to decrease impulsivity in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and to improve attention and learning in normal adults. In contrast, chronic doses of methamphetamine (METH) in drug abusers have been associated with increased impulsivity,(More)
Peak deviation analysis is a quantitative technique for characterizing interresponse-time distributions that result from training on differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate schedules of reinforcement. It compares each rat's obtained interresponse-time distribution to the corresponding negative exponential distribution that would have occurred if the rat had(More)
The effects of a high dose methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) regimen on the serotonin (5-HT) system were evaluated over a 52-wk period. MDMA was administered to rats (20 mg/kg) 8 times at 12-hr intervals. Tissue concentrations of dopamine (DA) and 5-HT, and synaptosomal uptake of 3H-5-HT and 3H-DA were measured at 2, 8, 16, 32 or 52 wk posttreatment.(More)
Methamphetamine and MDMA as well as similar substituted phenethylamines are toxic to DA and/or 5-HT neurons. The duration and magnitude of these effects are dose dependent and are accompanied by different degrees of recovery. MDMA-induced 5-HT damage persists for up to 52 weeks in the rat, and methamphetamine-induced DA damage persists for up to 3 years in(More)
Amphetamine releases dopamine through a transporter-mediated mechanism. The purpose of this report was to further our understanding of the intracellular pool from which amphetamine releases dopamine: the cytoplasmic pool, the vesicular pool, or both. Rats were treated with D-amphetamine (AMPH) (1.0 or 10.0 mg/kg) or an amphetamine analog,(More)
Unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine injections into the lateral neostriatum disrupted the ability of rats to retrieve small food pellets with the contralateral forepaw. Similar injections into the medial striatum did not interfere with performance accuracy. Dopamine assays indicated that of the 5 striatal subregions analyzed, the lateral striatum at the level of(More)
RATIONALE Stimulants such as methamphetamine (METH) alter core temperature in a manner that is dependent on ambient temperature and that shows tolerance after chronic use. Our objectives were to (1) determine whether tolerance to METH-induced hyperthermia was a consequence of neurotoxicity to dopamine or serotonin and (2) determine the relationship between(More)
Amphetamine and related compounds have previously been shown to differentially release dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5HT) in vivo and in vitro. The purpose of this report is directly to compare five amphetamine analogs on differential reinforcement of low rate 36-s (DRL 36-s) schedule performance, and to determine whether the reported increases in dopamine(More)
The substituted amphetamine 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has been shown to be neurotoxic to serotonin (5HT) terminals in the rat, and rat body temperature (TEMP) has been shown to affect this neurotoxicity. This study looked at the effect on CORE TEMP of three drugs that protect against MDMA neurotoxicity in the rat. Male Holtzmann rats were(More)