Karen E. Kirk

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Processing of telomeric DNA is required to generate the 3' G strand overhangs necessary for capping chromosome ends. We have investigated the steps involved in telomere processing by examining G overhang structure in Tetrahymena cells that lack telomerase or have altered telomeric sequences. We show that overhangs are generated by two precise cleavage steps(More)
Telomeres are the nucleoprotein complexes at eukaryotic chromosomal ends. Telomeric DNA is synthesized by the ribonucleoprotein telomerase, which comprises a telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and a telomerase RNA (TER). TER contains a template for telomeric DNA synthesis. Filamentous fungi possess extremely short and tightly regulated telomeres.(More)
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans has two genes encoding alpha-tubulin, tubA and tubB, which are differentially required at distinct stages during the life cycle. The tubA gene is required during vegetative growth for mitosis and nuclear migration (B. R. Oakley, C. E. Oakley, and J. E. Rinehart, Mol. Gen. Genet. 208:135-144, 1987; P. Doshi, C. A.(More)
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans has two genes encoding alpha-tubulin, tubA and tubB. Mutational analysis of tubA has demonstrated that the tubA gene is essential for mitosis and nuclear migration. In this study we have deleted the tubB gene by replacing it with a selectable marker and have named this new allele tubB delta. The results(More)
Although complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding human interleukin 1 beta (IL 1 beta) have been cloned in several laboratories, there are as yet no data demonstrating that recombinant IL 1 beta (rIL 1 beta) molecules expressed from such cDNA are faithful, fully active replicas of the native protein secreted by human monocytes. To this purpose, cDNA sequences(More)
Bangladesh is a malaria endemic country. There are 13 districts in the country bordering India and Myanmar that are at risk of malaria. The majority of malaria morbidity and mortality cases are in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, the mountainous southeastern region of Bangladesh. In recent years, malaria burden has declined in the country. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) is a major concern in Zambia. Here we aim to determine the burden and risk factors of MiP. METHODS Monthly reported district-level malaria cases among pregnant women (count data) from January 2009 to December 2014 were obtained from the Zambian District Health Information System. Negative binomial regression model was(More)
Telomere mutants have been well studied with respect to telomerase and the role of telomere binding proteins, but they have not been used to explore how a downstream morphogenic event is related to the mutated telomeric DNA. We report that alterations at the telomeres can have profound consequences on organellar morphogenesis. Specifically, a telomerase RNA(More)
Telomere length varies between germline and somatic cells of the same organism, leading to the hypothesis that telomeres are lengthened during meiosis. However, little is known about the meiotic telomere length in many organisms. In the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, the telomere lengths in hyphae and asexual spores are invariant. No study using(More)
Mutation of the telomeric repeat sequence has severe cellular consequences in a variety of systems. A Tetrahymena thermophila telomerase template mutant, ter1-43AA, displays an acute mitotic chromosome segregation defect. In the study described here we investigated the molecular basis for this lethality. Although cloned ter1-43AA macronuclear telomeres had(More)