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Xenopus oocytes injected with GIRK1 mRNA express inwardly rectifying K+ channels resembling IKACh. Yet IKACh, the atrial G protein-regulated ion channel, is a heteromultimer of GIRK1 and CIR. Reasoning that an oocyte protein might be substituting for CIR, we cloned XIR, a CIR homolog endogenously expressed by Xenopus oocytes. Coinjecting XIR and GIRK1 mRNAs(More)
The CXCR4 chemokine receptor is a G protein-coupled receptor that signals in T lymphocytes by forming a heterodimer with the TCR. CXCR4 and TCR functions are consequently highly cross regulated, affecting T cell immune activation, cytokine secretion, and T cell migration. The CXCR4-TCR heterodimer stimulates T cell migration and activation of the ERK MAPK(More)
CXCR4, like other G protein-coupled receptors, signals via heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) to regulate gene transcription, migration, development, growth, and transformation. We describe a formerly uncharacterized function of a G protein: a role in receptor trafficking. We previously showed that CXCR4 and the TCR physically(More)
Immature double-positive (DP) thymocytes mature into CD4(+)CD8(-) cells in response to coengagement of TCR with any of a variety of cell surface "coinducer" receptors, including CD2. In contrast, DP thymocytes are signaled to undergo apoptosis by coengagement of TCR with CD28 costimulatory receptors, but the molecular basis for DP thymocyte apoptosis by TCR(More)
Actin depolymerizing factor-homology (ADF-H) family proteins regulate actin filament dynamics at multiple cellular locations. Herein, we have investigated the function of the ADF-H family member coactosin-like 1 (COTL1) in the regulation of actin dynamics at the T cell immune synapse (IS). We initially identified COTL1 in a genetic screen to identify novel(More)
Costimulation by the chemokine, stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXCL12, has been shown to increase the amount of IL-10 secreted by TCR-stimulated human T cells; however, the molecular mechanisms of this response are unknown. Knowledge of this signaling pathway may be useful because extensive evidence indicates that deficient IL-10 secretion promotes(More)
IQ motif-containing GTPase-activating protein 1 (IQGAP1) is a cytoskeleton-interacting scaffold protein. CXCR4 is a chemokine receptor that binds stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1; also known as CXCL12). Both IQGAP1 and CXCR4 are overexpressed in cancer cell types, yet it was unclear whether these molecules functionally interact. Here, we show that(More)
The PD-1:PD-L1 immune signaling axis mediates suppression of T-cell–dependent tumor immunity. PD-1 expression was recently found to be upregulated on tumor-infiltrating murine (CD11c þ CD11b þ CD8 À CD209a þ) and human (CD1c þ CD19 À) myeloid dendritic cells (TIDC), an innate immune cell type also implicated in immune escape. However, there is little(More)
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