Karen D. Hendricks-Muñoz

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Spontaneous, focal gastrointestinal perforation occurred in six very low birth weight infants. The first recognized clinical sign of perforation in five of the six infants was striking blue-black discoloration of the abdominal wall. In all cases the clinical and radiographic presentations, as well as the histologic findings, were distinct from those(More)
Binding of Ulex europaeus lectin to microvessels was used to isolate endothelial cells from cycling human endometrium. Cultured human endometrial endothelial cells (HEECs) exhibited endothelial cell-specific characteristics such as tube formation on a basement membrane matrix and sequestration of acetylated low-density lipoprotein. Markers for potentially(More)
OBJECTIVE The oral cavity represents an initial entry way for oral and gut indigenous colonization. Skin-to-skin (STS) care, in which the mother holds the diaper clad naked preterm (PT) infant between her breasts, is associated with improved digestive function, decreased stress, and improved survival. This study evaluated the development of oral microbial(More)
BACKGROUND Children with increased pulmonary blood flow may experience morbidity as the result of increased pulmonary vascular resistance after operations in which cardiopulmonary bypass is used. Plasma levels of endothelin-1, a potent vasoactive substance implicated in pulmonary hypertension, are increased after cardiopulmonary bypass. OBJECTIVES In a(More)
A randomized trial of surfactant replacement therapy at birth was conducted at the University of Rochester between June 1983 and November 1985. Thirty-four premature infants, 25 to 29 weeks' gestational age, received a preventilatory dose of a calf lung surfactant extract in saline prepared at the University of Rochester. A control group of 31 infants(More)
Microvesicles (exosomes) are important mediators of intercellular communication, playing a role in immune regulation, cancer progression, and the spread of infectious agents. The biological functions of these small vesicles are dependent on their composition, which is regulated by mechanisms that are not well understood. Although numerous proteomic studies(More)
RATIONALE Endothelin-1 (ET1) is dysregulated in pulmonary hypertension (PH). It may be important in the pathobiology of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that ET1 levels in the first month would be higher in infants with CDH who subsequently expired or were discharged on oxygen (poor outcome). We further hypothesized that(More)
Clinically significant increases in pulmonary vascular resistance have been noted on acute withdrawal of inhaled nitric oxide (NO). Endothelin (ET)-1 is a vasoactive peptide produced by the vascular endothelium that may participate in the pathophysiology of pulmonary hypertension. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of inhaled NO on(More)
Prematurity is defined as birth before 37 weeks of gestation and is the major determinant of morbidity and mortality in newborns. The gestational ages known as near term or late preterm represent about 75% of preterm births and are the fastest growing subgroups of premature infants. These infants range in gestational age from 34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks and are(More)
BACKGROUND Premature neonates often receive red blood cell (RBC) transfusions to improve tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery. Clinical and laboratory indicators used to guide transfusion therapy are inadequate to determine physiologic need with high predictability and transfusions frequently do not result in clinical improvement. The splanchnic-cerebral(More)