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Sensory stimuli undergoing sudden changes draw attention and preferentially enter our awareness. We used event-related functional magnetic-resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify brain regions responsive to changes in visual, auditory and tactile stimuli. Unimodally responsive areas included visual, auditory and somatosensory association cortex. Multimodally(More)
The insula and cingulate cortices are implicated in emotional, homeostatic/allostatic, sensorimotor, and cognitive functions. Non-human primates have specific anatomical connections between sub-divisions of the insula and cingulate. Specifically, the anterior insula projects to the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pACC) and the anterior and posterior(More)
Attention is, in part, a mechanism for identifying features of the sensory environment of potential relevance to behavior. The network of brain areas sensitive to the behavioral relevance of multimodal sensory events has not been fully characterized. We used event-related fMRI to identify brain regions responsive to changes in both visual and auditory(More)
The neural pathways subserving the sensation of temperature are virtually unknown. However, recent findings in the monkey suggest that the sensation of cold may be mediated by an ascending pathway relaying in the posterior part of the thalamic ventromedial nucleus (VMpo). To test this hypothesis we examined the responses of neurons to thermal stimulation of(More)
Methods for localizing the posteroventral globus pallidus intermus are described. The authors' techniques include the use of microelectrodes to record single-unit activity and to microstimulate in human pallidum and its surrounding structures. This technique allows a precise determination of the locations of characteristic cell types in sequential(More)
The aims of the study were to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to 1) locate pain-related regions in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) of normal human subjects and 2) determine whether each subject's pain-related activation is congruent with ACC regions involved in attention-demanding cognitive processes. Ten normal subjects underwent fMRI(More)
Experimental and clinical evidence indicates that pain can affect cognitive processes, but the cortical networks involved in pain-cognition interactions are unclear. In this study, we determined the effect of pain on the activity of cortical areas involved in cognition acting as a whole (i.e., a network). Subjects underwent functional magnetic resonance(More)
Multiple sensory stimuli contribute to the conscious awareness of the body. It is well known that limb amputation can result in abnormal body awareness, but the manner in which the CNS constructs and updates a body schema after injury is largely unknown. The purpose of the present study was to systematically evaluate the effects of sensory inputs on phantom(More)
OBJECT Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the sensory thalamus has been used to treat chronic, intractable pain. The goal of this study was to investigate the thalamocortical pathways activated during thalamic DBS. METHODS The authors compared positron emission tomography (PET) images obtained before, during, and after DBS in five patients with chronic pain.(More)