Karen D. Ballard

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the reasons women experience delays in the diagnosis of endometriosis and the impact of this. DESIGN A qualitative interview-based study of 32 women, 28 of whom were subsequently diagnosed with endometriosis. SETTING Southeast England. PATIENT(S) Women attending a pelvic pain clinic. INTERVENTION(S) Semistructured(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of clinical vaginal examination with that of transvaginal sonography (TVS) in the presurgical diagnosis of deep infiltrating endometriosis. METHODS One-hundred and fifty-five women with symptoms suggestive of endometriosis were included. One-hundred and twenty-nine patients met the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether different dimensions of chronic pelvic pain are useful in the diagnosis of endometriosis. DESIGN A prospective questionnaire-based study of 185 women. SETTING Southeast of England. PATIENT(S) Women undergoing a diagnostic laparoscopy for chronic pelvic pain. INTERVENTION(S) Preoperative questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the value of patient-reported symptoms in diagnosing endometriosis. DESIGN A national case-control study. SETTING Data from the UK General Practice Research Database for years 1992-2001. SAMPLE A total of 5540 women aged 15-55 years, diagnosed with endometriosis, each matched to four controls without endometriosis. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic prescribing by GPs in the UK has declined since 1995. AIM We investigated whether general practices that issue fewer antibiotic prescriptions to patients presenting with acute respiratory infections had lower consultation rates for these conditions. DESIGN OF STUDY Retrospective data analysis. SETTING UK general practice. (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the increased chances of having a diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women with endometriosis is due to misdiagnosis or co-morbidity. DESIGN A case-control study of women aged 15-55 years with endometriosis and matched controls. SETTING Data from the UK's General Practice(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to determine women's perceived risk of menopause-related disease and to understand how this shapes their decisions about taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for disease prevention. METHODS A qualitative study based on analysis of audio-taped semi-structured interviews. The study was carried out in a community(More)
OBJECTIVES Evidence of how health-related quality of life (HRQOL) changes following laparoscopic and open colorectal surgery in the first 6 weeks of postoperative recovery is needed to inform cost-effectiveness evaluations. METHODS Pragmatic prospective cohort study design. Consecutive patients requiring elective colorectal surgery were allocated to(More)