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This study aimed to explore the limitations of the Ashworth scale for measuring spasticity. An isokinetic dynamometer to quantify resistance to passive stretch and surface EMG was used to verify if a stretch response occurred and, if so, at what joint angle. The authors sought to determine which components of passive resistance (magnitude, rate of change,(More)
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) flexibility techniques are now being used in health and sports related activities, yet it is unclear as to the relationship between various isometric contraction time increments and joint range of motion. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to determine the relationship between a three-second,(More)
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