Karen Byrne

Learn More
BACKGROUND Although chemokines are functionally important in models of ischemia-reperfusion injury, little is known about their role in lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI). This study examined the role of the beta-chemokines, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, and regulated upon activation normal T(More)
OBJECTIVE Proinflammatory cytokines are known to play roles in ischemia-reperfusion injury of the heart, kidney, small bowel, skin, and liver. Little is known about their roles in ischemia-reperfusion injury of the lung. This study was undertaken to define the role of 2 proinflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 1beta, in(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently demonstrated a role for selected chemokines in a rat model of lung ischemia reperfusion injury (LIRI). We have further shown that pretreatment with cyclosporine A (CSA) is protective. The precise cellular events regulating this model are unknown. The alveolar macrophage (AM) is a key effector cell in multiple models of acute lung(More)
BACKGROUND Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) is the major long-term complication affecting lung transplant recipients, and is characterized pathologically by chronic inflammatory and fibroproliferative airway disease. Based on studies revealing anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties of poly (ADP)-ribose synthetase (PARS) inhibitors, we hypothesized(More)
BACKGROUND Chemokines are inflammatory mediators that activate and recruit specific leukocyte subpopulations. We have recently shown a role for certain chemokines in a warm in situ rat model of lung ischemia reperfusion injury. After hypoxic stress, rat pulmonary artery endothelial cells (RPAECS) potentiate and direct neutrophil sequestration, and,(More)
Type II pneumocytes (T2P) are integral in preserving the integrity of the alveolar space by modulating the fluid composition surrounding the alveolar epithelium. There is also mounting evidence supporting their contribution to the development of acute inflammatory lung injury subsequent to oxidative stress. This study characterized the response of T2P to in(More)
  • 1