Karen Bulmer Smith

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Nurse educators are becoming recognized as important facilitators of research use in the health care system, thereby contributing to improved patient and system outcomes. Currently, no published studies could be located that specifically examined critical thinking dispositions and research utilization of nurse educators. This paper reports research(More)
The prospect of a hormonal male contraceptive is no longer distant. Data on the potential impact of this improvement in contraceptive provision, however, is limited, particularly between different cultures. We have therefore carried out a multi-centre study to assess men's attitudes to proposed novel hormonal methods. Questionnaire-based structured(More)
Surveys undertaken in the 1970s and 1980s suggested that amenorrhea was unacceptable to most women, especially in developing countries. More recent research suggests that increasing numbers of women in the developed world prefer to menstruate less often. In a questionnaire survey of 1001 women attending family-planning clinics and 290 contraceptive(More)
BACKGROUND Suppression of spermatogenesis to azoospermia is required for effective hormonal male contraception, but the degree of suppression varies between ethnic groups. We here report the first study of hormonal suppression of spermatogenesis in two African centres using a regimen of oral progestogen with depot testosterone. METHODS A total of 31 healthy(More)
UNLABELLED ABSTRACT Background: Evidence-based practice (EBP) has become the desired standard within all health disciplines because the integration of the best evidence into clinical practice is fundamental to optimizing patient outcomes. The valuing of research and research-based knowledge as the basis for decision making is explicit in current discourse(More)
OBJECTIVE The duration of action of a gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist implant designed to be effective for 3 months was investigated in women by monitoring drug release and ovarian hormone secretion. Serum inhibin secretion was measured to determine whether the secondary rise in serum FSH concentrations observed during long-term GnRH agonist(More)
In response to the concept that a good postpartum program should begin prenatally, this study was designed to determine whether the provision of expert contraceptive counseling during the antenatal period would have an impact on contraceptive uptake, patterns of contraceptive usage, and pregnancy rates during the first year after childbirth. Over 500 women(More)
Inhibin production by the corpus luteum was investigated by undertaking pharmacological rescue of the corpus luteum with hCG in four healthy women. Blood samples were collected daily for two menstrual cycles. Starting 7 days after the LH surge in the second cycle, incremental doses of hCG (125-8000 IU) were administered daily for 7 days resulting in hCG(More)
BACKGROUND The interest in finding ways to bridge the gap between nursing research and implementation of findings into practice has been increasing. Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) may be a bridge between frontline nurses and current developments in practice. While several researchers have studied the use of evidence by nurses in general, no known studies(More)
Changes in plasma concentrations of immunoreactive inhibin in the reproductively cyclic, pregnant and ovariectomized female marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus) were measured with a heterologous radioimmunoassay. The pattern of inhibin secretion in five marmosets studied individually during four consecutive cycles was shown to resemble that of progesterone.(More)