Karen Borgonovo

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BACKGROUND Wild type RAS (RAS-wt) status is predictive of the activities of the anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibodies cetuximab (C) and panitumumab (P). We examined the impact of C and P on progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and overall response rate (ORR) in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who have(More)
Advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring activating mutations of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are particularly sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), namely erlotinib and gefitinib. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the benefit of EGFR TKIs in EGFR-mutated NSCLCs. Eligible studies included published(More)
BACKGROUND Dermatological toxicity, usually in the form of acneiform rash, is frequently observed in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with anti-EGF receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). The objective of this review was to assess the predictive value of skin rash for outcome in patients with NSCLC treated with erlotinib and(More)
The combinations of radiotherapy (RT) plus chemotherapy (CTRT) with cisplatin or, alternatively, RT plus cetuximab (RT+CET), are the treatments of choice for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies reporting the efficacy of these 2 combined modality(More)
Malignant ascites is quite rare in breast cancer and is mainly associated with a lobular histology. To date, no studies have evaluated locoregional therapy for malignant ascites in breast cancer. The anti-epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), trifunctional antibody catumaxomab was approved in the European Union for the intraperitoneal (i.p.) treatment(More)
Skin rash is an early and frequent phenomenon during treatment with anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibodies. The objective of this review is to assess the predictive value of skin rash in patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with cetuximab and panitumumab. We searched PubMed and ASCO Meetings for publications reporting the(More)
OBJECTIVE The use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy can enable surgical resection of borderline resectable or unresectable pancreatic cancer (PC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the multiagent 5-fluorouracil + oxaliplatin + irinotecan + leucovorin (FOLFIRINOX) regimen as a neoadjuvant treatment for PC. METHODS Studies in which(More)
The prognosis of gastrointestinal epithelial malignancies is derived from TNM staging. The nodal status has the most importance. It guides the subsequent adjuvant therapies and gives the oncologist outstanding information about the biology of disease. Recently, a growing number of publications seem to be attributing importance to a ratio of positive to(More)
BACKGROUND In cancer cells, metabolism is shifted to aerobic glycolysis with lactate production coupled with a higher uptake of glucose as the main energy source. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) catalyzes the reduction of pyruvate to form lactate, and serum level is often raised in aggressive cancer and hematological malignancies. We have assessed the(More)
Iron supplementation could improve the hematopoietic response of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) used for chemotherapy-induced anemia. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials by comparing parenteral or oral iron and no iron, when added to ESAs in anemic cancer patients, in order to calculate the relative risk (RR) of(More)