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Implementation intentions, namely specific plans regarding when, where and how an individual will act, increase the likelihood of action. There is evidence that implementation intentions should be particularly efficacious when combined with motivational interventions. However, this is yet to be tested in relation to the reduction of unhealthy behaviour.(More)
The moderating role of individual difference variables (Self-Reported Habit Index [SRHI], Need for Cognition [NFC]) on relationships between implicit (Implicit Association Test [IAT], Extrinsic Affective Simon Test [EAST]) or explicit measures of attitude and behavior is assessed in two studies. A dissociation pattern is found on self-report diary measures(More)
Various studies have demonstrated an association between implicit measures of attitudes and dietary-related behaviours. However, no study has tested whether implicit measures of attitudes predict dietary behaviour after controlling for explicit measures of palatability. In a prospective design, two studies assessed the validity of measures of implicit(More)
DNA repair reactions are under cellular control. In bacteria, the reactions removing 0(6)-methylguanine and 3-methyladenine are inducible. It is not clear whether similar inducibility occurs in human lymphoblastoid cells. Nonetheless, the ability to manufacture the 0(6)-methylguanine acceptor protein does seem to be controlled by some chromosomal mechanism(More)
The aim of this pilot study is to test the hypotheses that sediment cores can provide evidence for metapopulation dynamics and that these can be linked with site characteristics. We focus on temporal patterns of incidence and abundance of overwintering stages (statoblasts) produced by the freshwater bryozoan Cristatella mucedo, an organism characterised by(More)
PURPOSE Measuring intentions and other cognitions to perform a behaviour can promote performance of that behaviour (the question-behaviour effect, QBE). It has been suggested that this effect may be amplified for individuals motivated to perform the behaviour. The present research tested the efficacy of combining a motivational intervention (providing(More)
OBJECTIVE The research tested the efficacy of planning and partner-based interventions to promote physical activity over six months. METHOD Local government (council) employees (N = 257) were randomly allocated to one of four conditions (collaborative implementation intentions; partner-only; implementation intentions; control group) before completing(More)
Hybrids were made between a ouabain-resistant, thioguanine-resistant human lymphoma line able to remove O6-methylguanine from its DNA (Mex+) and human lymphoblastoid lines deficient in this capability (Mex-). The formation of hybrids was confirmed by chromosomal analysis. Hybrid cells had an O6-methylguanine removal capacity per mole of guanine about one(More)
Analyses of high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data, such as genetic mapping and linkage disequilibrium (LD) studies, require phase-known haplotypes to allow for the correlation between tightly linked loci. However, current SNP genotyping technology cannot determine phase, which must be inferred statistically. In this paper, we present a new(More)