Karen A. L. Tan

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Androgens control spermatogenesis, but germ cells themselves do not express a functional androgen receptor (AR). Androgen regulation is thought to be mediated by Sertoli and peritubular myoid cells, but their relative roles and the mechanisms involved remain largely unknown. Using Cre/loxP technology, we have generated mice with a ubiquitous knockout of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) deficiency is the most frequent genetic cause of obesity. However, there is uncertainty regarding the degree of penetrance of this condition, and the putative impact of the environment on the development of obesity in MC4R mutation carriers is unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We determined the MC4R sequence in(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic components of energy homeostasis contributing to childhood obesity are poorly understood. Genome scans were performed to identify chromosomal regions contributing to physical activity and dietary intake traits in Hispanic children participating in the VIVA LA FAMILIA Study. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES We report linkage findings on(More)
BACKGROUND This marmoset study addresses concerns about feeding human male infants with soy formula milk (SFM). METHODS From age 4 to 5 days, seven male co-twin sets were fed standard formula milk (SMA) or SFM for 5-6 weeks; blood samples were subsequently collected at 10-week intervals. Testes from co-twins killed at 120-138 weeks were fixed for cell(More)
We previously reported a family in which a heterozygous missense mutation in Akt2 led to a dominantly inherited syndrome of insulin-resistant diabetes and partial lipodystrophy. To determine whether genetic variation in AKT2 plays a broader role in human metabolic disease, we sequenced the entire coding region and splice junctions of AKT2 in 94 unrelated(More)
Signals derived from antigen-presenting cells (APC) influence the functional differentiation of CD4(+) T cells. We report here that Serrate1 (Jagged1), a ligand for the Notch1 receptor, may contribute to the differentiation of peripheral CD4(+) T cells into either helper or regulatory cells. Our findings demonstrate that antigen presented by murine APC(More)
Regulation of spermatogenesis involves stage-dependent androgen action on Sertoli cells, but the pathways involved are unclear. We assessed if cyclin D2 could play a role. In rats, Sertoli cell nuclear, stage-dependent immunoexpression of cyclin D2 switched on after Day 10 and persisted through Day 35, but disappeared by adulthood. However, ethane dimethane(More)
It is established that androgens and unidentified Sertoli cell (SC)-derived factors can influence the development of adult Leydig cells (LC) in rodents, but the mechanisms are unclear. We evaluated adult LC development and function in SC-selective androgen receptor (AR) knockout (SCARKO) and complete AR knockout (ARKO) mice. In controls, LC number increased(More)
We present the first comparison of global transcriptional changes in canine and human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), with particular reference to the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. Microarray data generated from canine DLBCL and normal lymph nodes were used for differential expression, co-expression and pathway analyses, and compared with(More)
We present the first comparison of global transcriptional changes in canine and human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), with particular reference to the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) pathway. Microarray data generated from canine DLBCL and normal lymph nodes were used for differential expression, co-expression and pathway analyses, and compared with(More)