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OBJECTIVE To determine if cortical responses evoked by a cochlear implant in children who are deaf differ from normal and to characterize these differences in children who achieve good versus fair speech perception outcomes post-implantation. METHODS Late latency-evoked potential responses were recorded at 28 scalp locations in 16 children who were deaf(More)
Bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) might promote development of binaural hearing required to localize sound sources and hear speech in noise for children who are deaf. These hearing skills improve in children implanted bilaterally but remain poorer than normal. We thus questioned whether the deaf and immature human auditory system is able to integrate input(More)
OBJECTIVES Interaural level differences (ILD) and interaural timing differences (ITD) are important cues for locating sounds in space. Adult bilateral cochlear implant (CI) users use ILDs more effectively than ITDs. Few studies investigated the ability of children who use bilateral CIs to make use of these binaural cues. Our working hypothesis was that(More)
HYPOTHESIS Children using bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) develop normal patterns of cortical activity when interimplant delays are minimized. BACKGROUND It is not clear whether bilateral CIs can promote normally functioning bilateral auditory pathways in children. METHODS Cortical responses were recorded from 64 cephalic sites in 2 normal hearing(More)
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS It is reasonable to suppose that the pattern of sensorineural damage along the length of the cochlea depends on the etiology of a hearing loss (HL). In GJB2-related deafness, we hypothesize that gap junction deficits are uniformly distributed and will result in similar damage along the length of the cochlea as compared with non-GJB2(More)
Unilateral hearing in childhood restricts input along the bilateral auditory pathways, possibly causing permanent reorganization. In this study we asked: (i) do the auditory pathways develop abnormally in children who are bilaterally deaf and hear with a unilateral cochlear implant? and (ii) can such differences be reversed by restoring input to the(More)
The auditory brainstem pathways require stimulation to mature, but do they develop in the absence of auditory input? To answer this, peaks of the electrically evoked auditory nerve (wave eN1) and brainstem response (eII, eIII, and eV) were measured in 117 children with early-onset deafness who had received cochlear implants. Data were collected at cochlear(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of apical versus basal cochlear implant electrode stimulation on central auditory development was examined. We hypothesized that, in children with early onset deafness, auditory development evoked by basal electrode stimulation would differ from that evoked more apically. METHODS Responses of the auditory nerve and brainstem, evoked by(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine whether long-term cortical auditory development is altered or delayed in children using cochlear implants relative to their normal hearing peers. We hypothesized that cortical development in children using unilateral cochlear implants follows a normal trajectory with long-term auditory input when the duration of bilateral(More)
OBJECTIVES Children require audible and comfortable stimulation from their cochlear implants immediately after device activation. To accomplish this, a battery of objective measures may be needed that could include the electrically evoked stapedius reflex (ESR), compound action potential from the auditory nerve (ECAP), and/or auditory brain stem response(More)