Karen A. Bonuck

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Developing effective recruitment and retention strategies in populations with traditionally high attrition rates is critical to the success of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs). Data on successful participation of women from low-income, minority populations in RCTs of behavioral interventions are limited. This is problematic given the multiplicity of(More)
OBJECTIVE While otolaryngologists consider growth failure an absolute indication for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A), they may not be accustomed to screening for poor growth, and thus unlikely to consider it when recommending a T&A. This paper will (a) familiarize otolaryngologists with the definition, prevalence, and etiology of growth failure and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To describe the prevalence, persistence, and characteristics associated with sleep disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms in a population-based cohort followed from 6 months to 6.75 years. DESIGN Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). SETTING England, 1991-1999. PARTICIPANTS 12,447 children in ALSPAC with parental(More)
This study measured the effect of participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) after the birth of a child on one important health behavior: the initiation and persistence of breastfeeding. In the United States, many low-income mothers do not initiate breastfeeding at all and very few breastfeed for at least 4(More)
Although outpatient care and Pharmaceuticals have rendered community-based care possible, hospitals remain the locus of the most costly and intensive HIV/AIDS care. Little is know, however, about the impact of patients' social circumstances upon hospital length of stay. This paper examines the impact of housing status, living arrangements, and a range of(More)
OBJECTIVE To understand the scope and magnitude of housing needs among persons with HIV/AIDS in New York State. DESIGN Both housing providers and non-housing providers were identified through state-wide lists and regional resource guides. All identified housing providers and a random sample of identified non-housing providers, by region, were approached.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether infants of women randomized to a prenatal and postpartum lactation support intervention incur fewer otitis media-, respiratory tract-, or gastrointestinal-related visits than controls. DESIGN Randomized, unmasked controlled trial recruiting women from prenatal care settings. Breastfeeding sensitive (BFS) illness visits for(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether an individualized, prenatal and postnatal, lactation consultant intervention resulted in increased cumulative intensity of breastfeeding up to 52 weeks. DESIGN The randomized, nonblinded, controlled trial recruited women from prenatal care. Baseline prenatal interviews covered demographic data and breastfeeding experience,(More)
BACKGROUND Maternal knowledge and comfort with breastfeeding affect prenatal feeding intentions, and these intentions are strong predictors of feeding outcomes. However, predictors of exclusive breastfeeding intention have not been well characterized. METHODS We measured the association between intentions to exclusively breastfeed and knowledge of infant(More)