Karen A. Blindauer

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Studies involving brain-lesioned subjects have used the paced finger tapping (PFT) task to investigate the neural systems that govern motor timing. Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), for example, demonstrate abnormal performance on the PFT, characterized by decreased accuracy and variability changes, suggesting that the basal ganglia may play a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) types 1, 2, 3, 6, and 7 and Friedreich's ataxia (FA) among a large panel of ataxia families. BACKGROUND The ataxias are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases that variably affect the cerebellum, brainstem, and spinocerebellar tracts. Trinucleotide(More)
The problem of how word meaning is processed in the brain has been a topic of intense investigation in cognitive neuroscience. While considerable correlational evidence exists for the involvement of sensory-motor systems in conceptual processing, it is still unclear whether they play a causal role. We investigated this issue by comparing the performance of(More)
Our objective was to assess the test-retest reliability of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). The UPDRS is the most widely used instrument for measuring severity of parkinsonian symptoms in clinical research and in practice. The validity and inter-rater reliability of this scale have been previously studied. We examined the test-retest(More)
IMPORTANCE Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an antioxidant that supports mitochondrial function, has been shown in preclinical Parkinson disease (PD) models to reduce the loss of dopamine neurons, and was safe and well tolerated in early-phase human studies. A previous phase II study suggested possible clinical benefit. OBJECTIVE To examine whether CoQ10 could slow(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of rasagiline as monotherapy on quality of life (QOL) in patients with early Parkinson's disease (PD). Rasagiline, a potent, second-generation, irreversible, selective monoamine oxidase B inhibitor improves PD symptoms in patients with early PD. Patients with early untreated PD were randomly assigned(More)
Rasagiline is a novel, potent, and selective MAO-B inhibitor shown to be effective for Parkinson's disease. Traditional nonselective MAO inhibitors have been associated with dietary tyramine interactions that can induce hypertensive reactions. To test safety, tyramine challenges (50-75 mg) were performed in 72 rasagiline-treated and 38 placebo-treated(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MR spectroscopy is used to characterize biochemical components of normal and abnormal brain tissue. We sought to evaluate common histologic findings in a diverse group of nonneoplastic diseases in patients with in vivo MR spectroscopic profiles suggestive of a CNS neoplasm. METHODS During a 2-year period, 241 patients with suspected(More)
We report the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features of a patient who had fulminant demyelinating disease and who experienced acute progression of his disease after an episode of valproate-induced hyperammonemic encephalopathy. The role hyperammonemia played in the progression of the demyelination is uncertain. This case raises concern of a possible(More)
IMPORTANCE Deutetrabenazine is a novel molecule containing deuterium, which attenuates CYP2D6 metabolism and increases active metabolite half-lives and may therefore lead to stable systemic exposure while preserving key pharmacological activity. OBJECTIVE To evaluate efficacy and safety of deutetrabenazine treatment to control chorea associated with(More)