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The aim of the study was to address discrepant findings in the literature regarding coupling between decreased functional demand during disuse and reduced capillarity. We previously reported [K. Tyml, O. Mathieu-Costello, and E. Noble. Microvasc. Res. 49: 17-32, 1995] that severe disuse of rat extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle caused by a 2-wk(More)
We hypothesized that normotensive sepsis affects the ability of the microcirculation to appropriately regulate microregional red blood cell (RBC) flux. An extensor digitorum longus muscle preparation for intravital study was used to compare the distribution of RBC flux and the functional hyperemic response in SHAM rats and rats made septic by cecal ligation(More)
Gap junction communication between microvascular endothelial cells has been proposed to contribute to the coordination of microvascular function. Septic shock may attenuate microvascular cell-to-cell communication. We hypothesized that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) attenuates communication between microvascular endothelial cells derived from rat hindlimb(More)
We have previously shown in cultured rat microvascular endothelial cells (RMEC) that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates a protein tyrosine kinase (PTK)-dependent reduction in cellular coupling. We hypothesized that connexin 43 (Cx43) becomes phosphorylated following exposure to LPS. Cx43 was immunoprecipitated from control and LPS-treated RMEC monolayers.(More)
OBJECTIVE In several systems, exogenous ascorbate (reduced vitamin C) has been shown to protect against microvascular injury induced by reactive oxygen species. Since skeletal muscle is relatively resistant to oxidative injury, it is possible that under physiological conditions endogenous ascorbate in the muscle microvasculature affords such protection. To(More)
Although the effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1) on vascular tone has been studied extensively at the arterial/arteriolar level, little is known about the direct effect of ET-1 at the level of the capillary. Using intravital microscopy, we determined capillary red blood cell velocity and arteriolar diameter responses to ET-1, ET(A)-receptor blocker BQ-123, and(More)
Impaired vascular responsiveness in sepsis may lead to maldistribution of blood flow in organs. We hypothesized that increased production of nitric oxide (NO) via inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mediates the impaired dilation to ACh in sepsis. Using a 24-h cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) model of sepsis, we measured changes in arteriolar(More)
Although sepsis is known to affect vascular function, little is known about changes at the capillary level. We hypothesized that sepsis attenuates the "upstream" arteriolar response to vasoactive agents applied locally to capillaries. Sepsis in rats was induced by cecal ligation and perforation. After 24 h, extensor digitorum longus muscle was prepared for(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the roles of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase in the impairment of capillary blood flow in sepsis and in the reversal of this impairment by ascorbate. DESIGN Prospective, controlled laboratory study. SETTING Animal laboratory in research institute. SUBJECTS Adult male(More)
OBJECTIVE Although early administration of ascorbate has been shown to protect against the microvascular dysfunction in sepsis, it is not clear if a delayed introduction of ascorbate also yields beneficial effects. The main objective was to determine the therapeutic window for treatment of an animal model of sepsis with bolus injection of ascorbate. We also(More)