Karel Stulík

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A gold film electrode modified with a film of tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) in a PVC matrix has been prepared and tested. Cyclic voltammetric experiments have shown that the electrode is useful for highly selective voltammetric determinations of a number of metals, primarily Hg, Cr, Fe, Bi, Sb, U and Pb. The electrode has been applied to the anodic(More)
The approaches to the analysis for estrogen compounds as environmental pollutants are critically reviewed and evaluated on the basis of significant, recent original publications. The importance of sample pretreatment and analyte preconcentration techniques is pointed out, with an emphasis on SPE and on the use of highly selective interactions such as(More)
The paper provides a critical discussion of the present state of the theory of high-frequency impedance sensors (now mostly called contactless impedance or conductivity sensors), the principal approaches employed in designing impedance flow-through cells and their operational parameters. In addition to characterization of traditional types of impedance(More)
The importance of capillary electrophoresis (CE), capillary electrochromatography (CEC), and ion chromatography (IC) in inorganic ion analyses is outlined. Methods for improving the reliability of the CE measurements are briefly described. Selectivity optimization in CE analyses of inorganic cations and anions is discussed. Using the Peakmaster program, CE(More)
The design is described of a thin-layer contactless conductivity detector suitable for liquid chromatography and flow-injection analysis. Its principal analytical parameters have been determined using a potassium chloride solution: the linear dynamic range extends from 7.5 x 10(-6) to 1.5 x 10(-2) S m(-1), corresponding to the KCl concentration range from(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of creatinine in control sera is reported, based on its separation from deproteinated serum components on the ion-exchange material HEMA Bio 1000 SB and ultraviolet detection at 230 nm. Groups of eleven to fourteen samples of human serum and several control materials were simultaneously(More)
The present state of the chromatographic techniques based on differentiation of solutes according to their molecular sizes is briefly surveyed. Attention is centred on high-performance techniques applied to purification and characterization of natural macromolecules, and on discussion of the chromatographic approaches to the determination of the molecular(More)
CE with contactless conductivity detection has been used to separate 28 biogenic amino acids in a short capillary with an effective length of 18 cm. All the tested amino acids can be mutually separated in 0.5-10 mol/L acetic acid electrolytes. The time of analysis does not exceed 6 min and the LODs vary from 0.1 to 1.7 micromol/L. The CVs lie within the(More)
A capillary electrophoresis (CE) procedure with contactless conductivity detection (C(4)D) has been developed for monitoring of neutral mono- and disaccharides in drinks and foodstuffs. The separation of a mixture of seven neutral saccharides (glucose, fructose, galactose, mannose, ribose, sucrose and lactose) employed a quartz capillary, 5 μm i.d., with an(More)
This review briefly summarizes the present state of the preparation and use of capillary monolithic columns for liquid chromatography (LC) and electrochromatography (EC). Most important approaches to the preparation of monolithic stationary phases based on organic polymers are outlined and the properties of the monoliths obtained are compared with those of(More)