Karel Souček

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BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is known for its selective cytotoxic activity on tumour cells. We analysed the response of HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells to this cytokine. MATERIALS AND METHODS After TNF-alpha treatment, cell proliferation, cell cycle, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production (flow cytometry), the amount of apoptotic(More)
In the course of a project aimed to clarify the molecular mechanisms by which phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-activated forms of protein kinase C (PKC) promote growth arrest in an MCF-7 cell line, we found that the PKCdelta inhibitor Rottlerin was able by itself to block cell proliferation. In the current study, we investigated further the(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a flexible multi-target therapeutic approach. One of the main requirements of successful PDT is sufficient intracellular concentration of an applicable photosensitizer. Mechanisms of anticancer drug elimination by tumour cells are mostly linked to the elevated expression and activity of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), multidrug(More)
[(OC-6-43)-bis(acetato)(1-adamantylamine)amminedichloroplatinum(IV)], coded as LA-12, is an octahedral platinum(IV) complex containing a bulky hydrophobic ligand - adamantylamine. The use of bulky hydrophobic amines as non-leaving ligands, may increase uptake of the compound by the cancer cells. Therefore, the effects of LA-12 on sensitive (A2780) and(More)
OBJECTIVES This article is to study the role of G(1)/S regulators in differentiation of pluripotent embryonic cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS We established a P19 embryonal carcinoma cell-based experimental system, which profits from two similar differentiation protocols producing endodermal or neuroectodermal lineages. The levels, mutual interactions,(More)
TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) can selectively trigger apoptosis in various cancer cell types. However, many cancer cells are resistant to death receptor-mediated apoptosis. Combination therapy with platinum complexes may affect TRAIL-induced signaling via modulation of various steps in apoptotic pathways. Here, we show that(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple diverse posttranslational modifications of alpha-tubulin such as detyrosination, further cleavage of the penultimate glutamate residue (Delta2-tubulin), acetylation, and polyglutamylation increase the structural and functional diversity of microtubules. METHODS Herein, we characterized the molecular profile of alpha-tubulin(More)
Carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are known as efficient mutagens and ligands of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), which has been suggested to play an important role in prostate carcinogenesis. In order to evaluate the complex relationship between the genotoxicity and the AhR-mediated activity of PAHs in prostate cells, we selected(More)
OBJECTIVES Determination of cell numbers is a crucial step in studies focused on cytokinetics and cell toxicity. The impedance-based analysis employing electronic sensor array system xCELLigence System allowing label-free dynamic monitoring of relative viable adherent cell amounts was compared with the most utilized methods for relative quantification of(More)
The mechanisms by which foods, such as fruit, are able to reduce the risk of chronic disease are still unclear. Several fruit products, including apples and apple juice, that are flavonoid-rich are reported to increase antioxidant levels in human subjects. This is supported by the finding from our previous studies that the chronic consumption of apple juice(More)