Karel S. Kits

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We found that magnocellular oxytocin neurons in adult female rats exhibit an endogenous GABA(A) receptor subunit switch around parturition: a decrease in alpha1:alpha2 subunit mRNA ratio correlated with a decrease in allopregnanolone potentiation and increase in decay time constant of the GABA(A) receptor-mediated IPSCs in these cells. The causal(More)
There is accumulating evidence that glial cells actively modulate neuronal synaptic transmission. We identified a glia-derived soluble acetylcholine-binding protein (AChBP), which is a naturally occurring analogue of the ligand-binding domains of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Like the nAChRs, it assembles into a homopentamer with(More)
1. Oxytocin is known to act on autoreceptors of oxytocin neurones in the supraoptic nucleus (SON). We investigated whether oxytocin modulates putative oxytocin neurones by suppressing the GABAA receptor-mediated synaptic inputs on these cells. 2. GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) were recorded from SON neurones in hypothalamic slices from(More)
The rat nucleus accumbens contains acetylcholine-releasing interneurons, presumed to play a regulatory role in the electrical activity of medium spiny output neurons. In order to examine this issue in detail, we made electrophysiological recordings in rat nucleus accumbens slices. These experiments showed that gamma-aminobutyric acid-mediated inhibition of(More)
1. GABAA receptor-mediated synaptic innervation of oxytocin neurones in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) was analysed in adult female rats going through their first reproductive cycle by recording the spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs) at six stages of female reproduction. 2. During pregnancy we observed a reduction in the interval between(More)
We have cloned a receptor, named LSCPR, for vasopressin-related Lys-conopressin in Lymnaea stagnalis. Lys-conopressin evokes Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- currents in Xenopus oocytes injected with LSCPR cRNA. Expression of LSCPR mRNA was detected in central neurons and peripheral muscles associated with reproduction. Upon application of Lys-conopressin, both neurons(More)
Melanotropic cells release predocked, large, dense-cored vesicles containing alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone in response to calcium entry through voltage-gated calcium channels. Our first objective was to study the relationship between exocytosis, rapid endocytosis, and calcium entry evoked by short step depolarizations in the order of duration of(More)
Molluscan neurons and muscle cells express transient (T-type like) and sustained LVA calcium channels, as well as transient and sustained HVA channels. In addition weakly voltage sensitive calcium channels are observed. In a number of cases toxin or dihydropyridine sensitivity justifies classification of the HVA currents in L, N or P-type categories. In(More)
1. Whole-cell voltage clamp recordings were made from 141 rat pituitary melanotropic cells in short-term, serum-free, primary culture. The effects of the dopamine D2 receptor agonist, LY 171555, on sodium, potassium and barium currents were investigated. 2. Application of 1 microM-LY 171555 did not affect the inward sodium and outward potassium currents. 3.(More)
The in vitro release of acetylcholine in rat brain tissue was inhibited by 9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine (THA). Atropine antagonized this effect of THA. As THA does not display an affinity for muscarinic receptors, we conclude that THA inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity. In electrophysiological studies with neurons of Lymnaea stagnalis, THA(More)