Karel J. Angelis

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Transferred DNA (T-DNA) insertions of Agrobacterium gene fusion vectors and corresponding insertional target sites were isolated from transgenic and wild type Arabidopsis thaliana plants. Nucleotide sequence comparison of wild type and T-DNA-tagged genomic loci showed that T-DNA integration resulted in target site deletions of 29-73 bp. In those cases where(More)
DNA repair associated with DNA replication is important for the conservation of genomic sequence information, whereas reconstitution of chromatin after replication sustains epigenetic information. We have isolated and characterized mutations in the BRU1 gene of Arabidopsis that suggest a novel link between these underlying maintenance mechanisms. Bru1(More)
The three protocols of the comet assay A/N, A/A and N/N were for the first time applied to the plant species Arabidopsis thaliana. The purpose of the experiments was to establish conditions for genotoxic exposure causing DNA damage in Arabidopsis nuclei. This is required for comprehensive gene expression profiling with the intention to screen for genes(More)
Rad17 is involved in DNA checkpoint control in yeast and human cells. A homologue of this gene as well as other genes of the pathway (the 9-1-1 complex) are present in Arabidopsis and share conserved sequence domains with their yeast and human counterparts. DNA-damaging agents induce AtRAD17 transcriptionally. AtRAD17 mutants show increased sensitivity to(More)
Plants, in contrast to other eukaryotes, possess not only homologs of subunit A (AtSPO11-1, 2, 3) but also of subunit B (AtTOP6B) of the archaebacterial topoisomerase VI. AtTOP6B and AtSPO11-3 are strongly expressed in somatic tissue of Arabidopsis and are able to interact with each other in vitro. A T-DNA insertion in AtTOP6B results in deficient cell(More)
The c-ski protooncogene encodes a transcription factor that binds DNA only in association with other proteins. To identify co-binding proteins, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen. The results of the screen and subsequent co-immunoprecipitation studies identified Smad2 and Smad3, two transcriptional activators that mediate the type beta transforming(More)
DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) are one of the most cytotoxic forms of DNA damage and must be repaired by recombination, predominantly via non-homologous joining of DNA ends (NHEJ) in higher eukaryotes. However, analysis of DSB repair kinetics of plant NHEJ mutants atlig4-4 and atku80 with the neutral comet assay shows that alternative DSB repair pathways(More)
Aim of the study was to investigate the impact of coffee on DNA-stability in humans. DNA-damage was monitored in lymphocytes of eight individuals with single cell gel electrophoresis assays before and after consumption of 600 ml coffee (400 ml paper filtered and 200 ml metal filtered/d) for five days. Under standard conditions, no alteration of(More)
The comet assay was used to measure DNA damage and repair in nuclei released from 1 cm root ends of Vicia faba after X-ray irradiation. Irradiation induced a linear increase of DNA content in comet tail with doses under various denaturation and electrophoretic conditions. The pH of the electrophoresis solution played the most important role in the detection(More)
Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) has both NADH-specific and NAD(P)H-bispecific nitrate reductases. Genomic and cDNA clones of the NADH nitrate reductase have been sequenced. In this study, a genomic clone (pMJ4.1) of a second type of nitrate reductase was isolated from barley by homology to a partial-length NADH nitrate reductase cDNA and the sequence(More)