Karam Kenawy

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OBJECTIVE The anterior transpetrosal approach (ATPA), during which the trigeminal nerve (TN) is manipulated, has a risk of eliciting the trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR). The aim of this study was to assess the risk of TCR during ATPA. METHODS Surgical records of 92 patients who had surgical treatment via ATPA at the Keio University Hospital between December(More)
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