Kara S Schmidt

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The Dementia Rating Scale-2 (DRS-2) is a frequently used assessment of cognitive status among older adults in both research and clinical practice. Despite its well-established psychometric properties, its use in serial assessments has posed limitations with regard to practice effects. The primary purpose of the present study is to provide preliminary(More)
The neuropathology associated with chronic alcohol abuse varies across studies, though research suggests generalized reductions in cortical and subcortical grey and white matter. Neuropsychological findings also differ within the literature. The inconsistent findings with respect to the neuropathology and neurobehavior of patients with histories of alcohol(More)
The relationship between dementia diagnosis and everyday action (e.g., meal preparation, grooming) is not well understood. This study examines differences between individuals diagnosed with vascular dementia (VaD; n = 25) versus Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 23) on the Naturalistic Action Test (NAT; Schwartz et al., 2003), a performance-based measure that(More)
BACKGROUND Impairments in everyday activities (ie, using the telephone, driving, managing medication) have been associated with increasing age as well as dementia severity. One of the initial functional losses among older adults both with and without dementia is impaired medication self-management skills. In fact, reduced ability to self administer(More)
Reports of semantic dementia patients have shown more accurate identification and use for personal objects than unfamiliar analogs of the same objects (e.g., personal comb versus experimenter's comb) [Bozeat, S., Lambon Ralph, M. A., Patterson, K., & Hodges, J. R. (2002). The influence of personal familiarity and context on object use in semantic dementia.(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the test-retest reliability of the newly developed Dementia Rating Scale-2: Alternate Form (DRS-2:AF) in a community-dwelling sample of older adults. Participants were administered the DRS-2:AF during two separate testing sessions; the interval between sessions was between 12 and 28 days. The stability coefficient(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether reduced ability to self-administer medication can accurately classify living placement (independent or assisted living) in a continuing care retirement community (CCRC). DESIGN Convenience sample of consecutive patients seen in a medical clinic. SETTING An outpatient medical clinic at a CCRC. PARTICIPANTS A group of 78(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association between neuropsychiatric symptoms and the presence of medical illness among outpatients with mild dementia. METHOD The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) was used to assess neuropsychiatric symptoms, and the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) was used to evaluate physical impairment, in 44 outpatients diagnosed as(More)
Comprehension difficulties associated with periventricular and deep white matter alterations (WMA) in mild dementia were investigated using portions of the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination (BDAE) Complex Ideation subtest and Syntax subtests. Mild dementia participants were grouped according to the extent of their WMA as observed on magnetic resonance(More)
The Dementia Rating Scale-2: Alternate Form (DRS-2: AF) was developed by Schmidt (2004) for use in serial neuropsychological assessments with the original DRS-2 (Jurica, Leitten, & Mattis, 2001). Results from two preliminary validation studies of the DRS-2: AF are presented here. In Study 1, the DRS-2: AF and four additional neuropsychological measures were(More)