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Increasing evidence has shown that some neurotransmitters act as growth-regulatory signals during brain development. Here we report a role for the classical neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh) to stimulate proliferation of neural stem cells and stem cell-derived progenitor cells during neural cell lineage progression in vitro. Neuroepithelial cells in the(More)
High resolution substrates, created using patterned self-assembled monolayers, are shown to direct axonal and dendritic process extension at the level of a single hippocampal neuron. Axons and dendrites were identified using morphological characteristics and immunocytochemical markers. Patterns were formed on glass coverslips from a co-planar monolayer of(More)
To better understand interactions between neurons and extracellular matrix equivalents, embryonic day-18 rat cortical neurons were immobilized and maintained in culture for up to 24 days in agarose and type I collagen gels. Using live/dead staining, neuronal cultures in low density collagen gel lasted at least 3 weeks. At 14 days, over 50% of immobilized(More)
The whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to assess the current carried by inwardly rectifying K+ channels (K(ir)) and the resting membrane potential (RMP) during long-term culture of NG108-15 cells. Culture of this cell line in serum-free medium triggers differentiation of a type I, neuron-like cell type followed by an eventual predominance of a type(More)
Cultured neuronal networks, which have the capacity to respond to a wide range of neuroactive compounds, have been suggested to be useful for both screening known analytes and unknown compounds for acute neuropharmacologic effects. Extracellular recording from cultured neuronal networks provides a means for extracting physiologically relevant activity, i.e.(More)
Embryonic rat hippocampal neurons were grown on patterned silane surface in order to organize synapse formations in a controlled manner. The surface patterns were composed of trimethoxysilylpropyl-diethylenetriamine (DETA) lines separated by tridecafluoro-1,1,2,2-tetrahydrooctyl-1-dimethylchlorosilane (13F) spaces. Pre- and post-synaptic specializations(More)
Three cell groups, neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs) dissociated from the embryonic day 11 (E11) rodent cerebral cortex, expanded NS/PC cultures, and cultured neurons from E15, were used to conduct a genomic study with differential display (DD). The mouse Af1q, homologue of human AF1q, was found to be significantly up-regulated during the neuronal(More)
To investigate the ability to culture neural precursor cells in a three-dimensional (3D) collagen gel, neuroepithelial cells were isolated from embryonic day 13 rat cortex, dispersed within type I collagen and maintained for up to 30 days in vitro. Cultured in Neuorobasal medium supplemented with B27 containing basic fibroblast growth factor, the(More)
It is widely acknowledged that there is a critical need for broad-spectrum environmental threat detection. While cells/tissue-based biosensors have been discussed for many years as a means of meeting this critical need, these kinds of systems have met with logistic concerns, in particular with regard to stability. Our group has been working with cultured(More)
Chloroquine, a common quinolone derivative used in the treatment of malaria, has been associated with neurologic side-effects including depression, psychosis and delirium. The neuropharmacologic effects of chloroquine were examined on cultured cortical neurons using microelectrode array (MEA) recording and the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Whole-cell(More)