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Increasing evidence has shown that some neurotransmitters act as growth-regulatory signals during brain development. Here we report a role for the classical neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh) to stimulate proliferation of neural stem cells and stem cell-derived progenitor cells during neural cell lineage progression in vitro. Neuroepithelial cells in the(More)
High resolution substrates, created using patterned self-assembled monolayers, are shown to direct axonal and dendritic process extension at the level of a single hippocampal neuron. Axons and dendrites were identified using morphological characteristics and immunocytochemical markers. Patterns were formed on glass coverslips from a co-planar monolayer of(More)
Transfected cell microarrays, arrays of mammalian cells expressing defined genes, offer enormous potential for the development of high-throughput cell-based detection technologies to monitor the presence of biological agents or environmental toxicants. The signals generated from these arrays are intimately linked to the efficiency of DNA uptake by the cells(More)
The expression of recombinant antibody fragments on the surface of mammalian cells has recently emerged as a therapeutic strategy, particularly in the treatment of a number of cancers. Screening technologies that allow for the facile characterization of fragments expressed on the cell surface would hasten the identification and isolation of reagents to be(More)
GABA(A) receptor/Cl- channels and voltage-gated Ca2+ channels are believed to be important sites of ethanol action in the CNS. Acute exposure of ethanol potentiates GABA(A) receptor/Cl- channel activity and inhibits voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in a number of preparations, mostly post-mitotic neurons. The effects of ethanol on these channels in primary(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate binding of four targets of biodefense interest to immobilized antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in biosensor assays. Polymyxins B and E, melittin, cecropins A, B, and P, parasin, bactenecin and magainin-1, as well as control antibodies, were used as capture molecules for detection of Cy3-labeled Venezuelan equine(More)
The in vitro cytotoxicity and electrophysiological toxicity of Jet Propulsion-8 (JP-8 jet fuel) on four cell types: H4IIE liver cell line, NIH Swiss 3T3 cell line, neuroblastoma x glioma NG108-15 cells, and embryonic hippocampal neurons were investigated. H4IIE cells exposed to Jet A (a commercial fuel) and JP-8 demonstrated identical toxicity with an IC50(More)
To better understand interactions between neurons and extracellular matrix equivalents, embryonic day-18 rat cortical neurons were immobilized and maintained in culture for up to 24 days in agarose and type I collagen gels. Using live/dead staining, neuronal cultures in low density collagen gel lasted at least 3 weeks. At 14 days, over 50% of immobilized(More)
Cultured neuronal networks, which have the capacity to respond to a wide range of neuroactive compounds, have been suggested to be useful for both screening known analytes and unknown compounds for acute neuropharmacologic effects. Extracellular recording from cultured neuronal networks provides a means for extracting physiologically relevant activity, i.e.(More)
Cell-based biosensors are portable devices that contain living biological cells that monitor physiological changes induced by exposure to environmental perturbations such as toxicants, pathogens or other agents. Methods of detecting physiological changes include extracellular electrical recordings, optical measurements, and, in the future, functional(More)