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Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by widespread pain, as well as affective disturbance (eg, depression). Given that emotional processes are known to modulate pain, a disruption of emotion and emotional modulation of pain and nociception may contribute to FM. The present study used a well-validated affective picture-viewing paradigm to study emotional(More)
UNLABELLED Slow breathing is used as a means to reduce pain, yet the mechanisms responsible for respiration-induced hypoalgesia are poorly understood. The present study asked 30 healthy participants (M(age) = 21 years, M(education) = 15 years, 80% white non-Hispanic) to breathe at normal, slow (50% normal), and fast (125% normal) rates while(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet components contaminated with bacteria are an important source of transfusion-associated bacterial sepsis. Estimates of contamination rates vary widely (0-10%) and are highly controversial. The present study, designed with stringent testing regimens, retrospectively determined the prevalence of microbial contaminants in platelets from(More)
Pain catastrophizing is associated with enhanced temporal summation of pain (TS-Pain). However, because prior studies have found that pain catastrophizing is not associated with a measure of spinal nociception (nociceptive flexion reflex [NFR] threshold), this association may not result from changes in spinal nociceptive processes. The goal of the present(More)
The insula serves as the primary gustatory and viscerosensory region in the mammalian cortex. It receives visceral and gustatory afferent projections through dedicated brainstem and thalamic nuclei, which suggests a potential role as a site for homeostatic integration. For example, while human neuroimaging studies of gustation have implicated the dorsal(More)
UNLABELLED Sex differences in the processing and experience of emotion exist. The present study examined whether sex differences in emotion lead to sex differences in affective modulation of pain and spinal nociception (assessed by nociceptive flexion reflex, NFR). Participants were healthy men (n = 47) and women (n = 73). Prior to affective modulation(More)
Sex hormones may contribute to inter- and intra-individual differences in pain by influencing emotional modulation of pain and nociception. To study this, a well-validated picture-viewing paradigm was used to assess emotional modulation of pain and the nociceptive flexion reflex (NFR; physiologic measure of nociception) during mid-follicular, ovulatory, and(More)
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a devastating psychiatric illness that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Aberrant visceral interoceptive processing within the insula has been hypothesized to be an important mechanism in AN’s pathophysiology due to the theoretical link between interoception and emotional experience. We therefore utilized(More)
Temporal summation of pain (TS-pain) is the progressive increase in pain ratings during a series of noxious stimulations. TS-pain has been used to make inferences about sensitization of spinal nociceptive processes; however, pain report can be biased thereby leading to problems with this inference. Temporal summation of the nociceptive flexion reflex(More)
Emotion can modulate pain and spinal nociception, and correlational data suggest that cognitive-emotional processes can facilitate wind-up-like phenomena (ie, temporal summation of pain). However, there have been no experimental studies that manipulated emotion to determine whether within-subject changes in emotion influence temporal summation of pain(More)