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Majocchi's granuloma is a folliculitic and perifolliculitic dermatophyte infection of the dermis, a site that is not generally colonized by fungi in immunocompetent individuals. Topical agents are usually ineffective therapeutically because of the deep location of the infection. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of oral(More)
UNLABELLED We investigated the pharmacokinetics of the enantiomers of bupivacaine and mepivacaine after epidural injection of the racemate of each drug into six surgical patients. After epidural administration of either bupivacaine/HCl (115 mg) or mepivacaine/HCl (460 mg), blood samples were collected for 24 h. Unbound fractions were determined by using(More)
The pharmacokinetics of R(-)-mepivacaine and S(+)-mepivacaine were investigated in 10 healthy volunteers. The volunteers received racemic mepivacaine, hydrochloride (dose 60 mg) via a 10-min intravenous infusion. Blood samples were collected at gradually increasing intervals until 8 h after the start of the infusion. Plasma concentrations of the enantiomers(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients with pancreatic cancer are not candidates for curative resection. The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety of an intraoperative ultrasound-guided cryosurgical procedure in a phase I study of unresectable pancreatic cancer. METHODS From March 1995 to March 1999, 10 cryosurgeries using intraoperative ultrasound were(More)
1. The pharmacokinetics of R(+)-bupivacaine and S(-)-bupivacaine were investigated following a 10 min intravenous infusion of the racemate (dose 30 mg) in 10 healthy males. 2. The fractions unbound of R(+)- and S(-)-bupivacaine in pre-dose plasma were determined for each subject after in vitro addition of rac-bupivacaine (concentration of each enantiomer:(More)
The influence of aging on the metabolism of phenazone (antipyrine), and the relationship between the formation of 3 phenazone metabolites and the metabolic clearance of theophylline in healthy and frail elderly women, were examined. Whereas the elimination half-life did not change, clearance of phenazone decreased by about 50% with age in healthy women(More)
Pharmacokinetics and safety of a hydroxy-beta-propyl solution of itraconazole were assessed in 16 patients in an intensive care unit. On the first 2 days, four 1-h infusions of 200 mg were given at 0, 8, 24, and 32 h. From day 3 to 7, inclusive, a single 1-h infusion of 200 mg of itraconazole was given daily. The intravenous (i.v.) treatment was directly(More)
The influence of aging on the metabolism of antipyrine (AP) and hexobarbital enantiomers (R-HB and S-HB) with and without phenobarbital (PB) induction was investigated in a longitudinal study in rats aged 6, 12, 24 and 30 months. The metabolic clearances of AP (Clm AP), R-HB (Clm R-HB) and S-HB (Clm S-HB) were used as indicators for P450 enzyme activities(More)
In order to study the metabolic activities of different P-450 enzymes in male Brown Norway rats, formation rates of antipyrine (AP) metabolites and theophylline (TH) metabolic clearance were determined. Brown Norway rats are often used in studies concerning the influence of age on liver function. Experiments were performed after simultaneous iv(More)
A clean-up procedure to obtain a minimal detectable concentration of 5-10 ng bupivacaine enantiomer per milliliter human plasma is described. The procedure consists of precipitation of plasma proteins using acetonitrile, followed by solid-phase extraction using a cyano column. The eluate is then made alkaline, and bupivacaine is extracted using n-hexane.(More)