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The N139D mutant of cytochrome c oxidase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides retains full steady state oxidase activity but completely lacks proton translocation coupled to turnover in reconstituted liposomes (Pawate, A. S., Morgan, J., Namslauer, A., Mills, D., Brzezinski, P., Ferguson-Miller, S., and Gennis, R. B. (2002) Biochemistry 41, 13417-13423). Here,(More)
The susceptibility of sheep to intrauterine infection with bluetongue virus (BTV) was established by introducing 10(4) plaque-forming units of BTV type 10 into the uterine lumen of two seronegative ewes in a simulated embryo transfer operation. Both ewes became viraemic and underwent seroconversion to BTV. Embryos recovered from seronegative superovulated(More)
Crystal structures of a thermostable cytochrome P450 (CYP119) and a site-directed mutant, (Phe24Leu), from the acidothermophilic archaea Sulfolobus solfataricus were determined at 1.5-2.0 A resolution. We identify important crystallographic waters in the ferric heme pocket, observe protein conformational changes upon inhibitor binding, and detect a unique(More)
We report the cloning, expression, purification, and molecular characterization of a cytochrome P450 (CYP119) from the thermophilic archaea Sulfolobus solfataricus. This protein displays an absorption spectra in the reduced, oxidized, and carbonyl adduct analogous to those of other P450 enzymes. We demonstrate that P450 (CYP119) exhibits remarkable thermo-(More)
CYP119 is a cytochrome P450 with a molecular weight of 43 kDa which has been isolated from the thermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. This enzyme is extremely stable to high temperature and high pressure. The first crystallization and preliminary crystallographic study of CYP119 is reported here. Crystals of CYP119 were obtained by the sitting-drop(More)
The kinetics of formation and breakdown of the putative active oxygenating intermediate in cytochrome P450, a ferryl-oxo-(pi) porphyrin cation radical (Compound I), have been analyzed in the reaction of a thermostable P450, CYP119, with meta-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (m-CPBA). Upon rapid mixing of m-CPBA with the ferric form of CYP119, an intermediate with(More)
Electron microscopic studies on BHK 21 cells infected with Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) are reported. Entry of virus particles into the cell up to 20 hours after inoculation is demonstrated. No envelope derived from the cell membrane is present on virus particles inside or outside the cell. The particle has a diameter of approximately 94 mμ, a core(More)
The fermentation process of ensiling green forage, low in nitrate, was proved in 8 experiments with ryegrass, ochardgrass and grass-legumes mixture. It was demonstrated that also in easily fermentable green forage the absence of nitrate promote the occurrence of butyric acid simultaneously with the lactic acid fermentation even at an early stage of(More)
Ensiling conditions strongly influence fermentation characteristics, yeast count, and aerobic stability. Numerous volatile organic compounds including esters are produced, which may negatively affect feed intake and animal performance and air quality. In addition to a farm survey, 3 laboratory experiments were carried out to study the effects of air (by(More)
The multiplication of attenuated and virulent strains of Wesselsbron virus in BHK-21 cells have been investigated electron microscopically. In thin sections of cells infected with virulent virus and harvested at different time intervals, mesh-like structures, similar to those reported by previous workers, are observed. However, cells infected with the(More)