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The thermally responsive cholesteryl end-capped poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-N,N-dimethylacrylamide) and cholesteryl grafted poly[N-isopropylacrylamide-co-N-(hydroxymethyl) acrylamide] amphiphilic polymers were synthesized and utilized to encapsulate cyclosporin A (CyA) and indomethacin (IND) within core-shell nanoparticles by a membrane dialysis method.(More)
A transgenic mouse model has been developed to test the involvement of ectopic neuropeptide production as a secondary factor in cancer. Mice bearing a mouse mammary tumor virus-vasopressin (MMTV-VP) fusion transgene synthesized authentic vasopressin in mammary ducts and alveoli, but this had no effect on mammary gland development and growth. Mice bearing(More)
+1 Frame-shifted proteins such as amyloid precursor protein(+1) and ubiquitin-B(+1) have been identified in the neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease. These frameshifts are caused by dinucleotide deletions in GAGAG motifs of messenger RNA encoded by genes that have maintained the unchanged wild-type DNA sequence. This process is termed(More)
Postmortem examination of transgenic animals should ideally be performed by or with the help of a trained pathologist. This is because although the steps in the examination can be manually performed by anyone, the interpretation of the findings can only be done with the knowledge of veterinary medicine. This chapter describes the steps in a postmortem(More)
Neuropeptides are often ectopically expressed by non-endocrine tumours. We used transgenic mice to assess the effect of ectopic expression of the neuropeptide, vasopressin, in mammary tumours induced by the transgenetic expression of an activated ras oncogene. Mice bearing a mouse mammary tumour virus-vasopressin (MMTV-VP) fusion transgene synthesise(More)
1. The vasopressin mRNA in the adult male rat hypothalamus is modulated in two distinct ways by a dehydration stimulus. In addition to the well-established increase in transcript abundance, it has recently been demonstrated that the vasopressin mRNA poly(A) tail increases in length. 2. We have studied the ontogeny of poly(A) tail length modulation in(More)
Histological examination is important to detect and differentiate among different types of tissue changes at the microscopic level. An enlarged organ can be hyperplastic, hypertrophied, or neoplastic. It can also be merely inflamed or infected. Only a histological examination can differentiate among the various growth disturbances and pathological changes(More)